inoculate

1. To introduce the agent of a disease or other antigenic material into the subcutaneous tissue or a blood vessel, or through an abraded or absorbing surface for preventive, curative, or experimental purposes. 2. To implant microorganisms or infectious material into or upon culture media. 3. To communicate a disease by transferring its virus. [L. inoculo, pp. -atus, to ingraft]

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in·oc·u·late in-'äk-yə-.lāt vb, -lat·ed; -lat·ing vt
1) to communicate a disease to (an organism) by inserting its causative agent into the body <12 mice inoculated with anthrax>
2 a) to introduce microorganisms or viruses onto or into (an organism, substrate, or culture medium) <inoculated a rat with bacteria>
b) to introduce (as a microorganism or antiserum) into an organism or onto a culture medium <\inoculate a pure culture of bacteria into a healthy host>
3) to introduce immunologically active material (as an antibody or antigen) into esp. in order to treat or prevent a disease <\inoculate children against diphtheria> vi to introduce microorganisms, vaccines, or sera by inoculation

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in·oc·u·late (ĭ-nokґu-lāt) [L. inoculare] 1. to implant microbes or other infective materials in or on culture media. 2. to introduce immune serum, vaccines of various kinds, or some other antigenic material into a healthy individual to produce a mild form of the disease followed by immunity. 3. to spread a disease by inserting its etiologic agent.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inoculate — In*oc u*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Inoculated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inoculating}.] [L. inoculatus, p. p. of inoculare to ingraft; pref. in in, on + oculare to furnish with eyes, fr. oculus an eye, also, a bud. See {Ocular}.] 1. To bud; to insert, or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inoculate — (v.) mid 15c., implant a bud into a plant, from L. inoculatus, pp. of inoculare graft in, implant, from in in (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + oculus bud, originally eye (see EYE (Cf. eye) (n.)). Meaning implant germs of a disease to produce …   Etymology dictionary

  • Inoculate — In*oc u*late, v. i. 1. To graft by inserting buds. [1913 Webster] 2. To communicate disease by inoculation. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inoculate — index inject, protect Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • inoculate — *infuse, imbue, ingrain, leaven, suffuse Analogous words: impregnate, saturate, impenetrate, interpenetrate, *permeate, pervade: introduce, admit, *enter: instill, inculcate, *implant …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • inoculate — meaning ‘to inject with a vaccine’, is spelt with one n. See also vaccinate …   Modern English usage

  • inoculate — ► VERB 1) another term for VACCINATE(Cf. ↑vaccination). 2) introduce (cells or organisms) into a culture medium. DERIVATIVES inoculable adjective inoculation noun inoculator noun. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

  • inoculate — [i näk′yə lāt΄] vt. inoculated, inoculating [ME enoculaten < L inoculatus, pp. of inoculare, to engraft a bud in another plant < in , in + oculus, a bud, EYE] 1. a) to inject a serum, vaccine, etc. into (a living organism), esp. in order to …   English World dictionary

  • inoculate — v. (D; tr.) to inoculate against (to inoculate a dog against rabies) * * * [ɪ nɒkjʊleɪt] (D; tr.) to inoculate against (to inoculate a dog against rabies) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • inoculate — UK [ɪˈnɒkjʊleɪt] / US [ɪˈnɑkjəˌleɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms inoculate : present tense I/you/we/they inoculate he/she/it inoculates present participle inoculating past tense inoculated past participle inoculated medical to protect someone… …   English dictionary

  • inoculate — transitive verb ( lated; lating) Etymology: Middle English, to insert a bud in a plant, from Latin inoculatus, past participle of inoculare, from in + oculus eye, bud more at eye Date: 1721 1. a. to introduce a microorganism into < inoculate mice …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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