* * *alkaline phosphatase n any of the phosphatases (as phosphomonoesterase from blood plasma or milk) optimally active in alkaline medium and occurring in esp. high concentrations in bone, the liver, the kidneys, and the placenta
* * *al·ka·line phos·pha·tase (ALP) (alґkə-līn) (-lin fosґfə-tās) [EC 22.214.171.124] an enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the cleavage of orthophosphate from orthophosphoric monoesters under alkaline conditions. Differing forms of the enzyme occur in normal and malignant tissues. The activity in serum is useful in the clinical diagnosis of many illnesses. Deficient bone enzyme activity, an autosomal recessive trait, causes hypophosphatasia. Called also phosphomonoesterase.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Alkaline phosphatase — (ALP) (EC number|126.96.36.199) is a hydrolase enzyme responsible for removing phosphate groups from many types of molecules, including nucleotides, proteins, and alkaloids. The process of removing the phosphate group is called dephosphorylation . As… … Wikipedia
alkaline phosphatase — alkaline phosphatase. См. щелочная фосфатаза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
alkaline phosphatase — n. Biochem. a phosphatase active in an alkaline medium. [1945 50] * * * ▪ enzyme enzyme that is normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. It is essential for the deposition of minerals in the bones and teeth.… … Universalium
alkaline phosphatase — A phosphatase active in alkaline media … Forensic science glossary
alkaline phosphatase — n. Biochem. a phosphatase active in an alkaline medium. [1945 50] … Useful english dictionary
alkaline phosphatase — noun Date: 1948 any of the phosphatases that are optimally active in alkaline medium and occur in especially high concentrations in bone, the liver, the kidneys, and the placenta … New Collegiate Dictionary
alkaline phosphatase — noun Any of a group of phosphatases that are most active in an alkaline environment … Wiktionary
alkaline phosphatase — Enzyme (EC 188.8.131.52) catalysing cleavage of inorganic phosphate nonspecifically from a wide variety of phosphate esters, and having a high (>8) pH optimum. Found in bacteria, fungi and animals but not in higher plants … Dictionary of molecular biology
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