imprinting

A particular kind of learning characterized by its occurrence in the first few hours of life, and which determines species-recognition behavior.
- genomic i. epigenetic process that leads to inactivation of paternal or maternal allele of certain genes susceptible to epigenetic regulation; accounts, among others, for the Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes.

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im·print·ing 'im-.print-iŋ, im-' n
1) a rapid learning process that takes place early in the life of a social animal (as a greylag goose) and establishes a behavior pattern (as recognition of and attraction to its own kind or a substitute)
2) GENOMIC IMPRINTING

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n.
(in animal behaviour) a rapid and irreversible form of learning that takes place in some animals during the first hours of life. Animals attach themselves in this way to members of their own species, but if they are exposed to creatures of a different species during this short period, they become attached to this species instead.

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im·print·ing (im-printґing) rapid learning of species-specific behavior patterns that occurs with exposure to the proper stimulus at a sensitive period of early life.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Imprinting — may mean: * Genomic imprinting, a mechanism of regulating gene expression * Imprinting (psychology), in psychology and ethology * Molecular imprinting, in polymer chemistry * Metabolic imprinting, the phenomenon by which the metabolism of the… …   Wikipedia

  • imprinting — imprinting. = parental imprinting (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • imprinting — IMPRÍNTING s. n. 1. totalitatea modificărilor funcţionale pe care le suferă un cromozom atunci când se găseşte într un organism feminin sau masculin. 2. (psih.) impregnare, întipărire, fenomen elementar şi precoce de învăţare. (< engl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • imprinting — im*print ing, n. (Ethology, Psychology) The learning of a behavioral pattern that occurs soon after birth or hatching in certain animals, in which a long lasting response to an individual (such as a parent) or an object is rapidly acquired; it is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imprinting — imprinting. См. импринтинг. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • imprinting — /imˈprintin(g), ingl. ɪmˈprɪntɪŋ/ [vc. ingl., propriamente «impressione, stampa», da to imprint «stampare, imprimere»] s. m. inv. (biol.) impronta …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • imprinting — [im print′iŋ] n. Psychol. a learning mechanism operating very early in the life of an animal, in which a particular stimulus immediately establishes an irreversible behavior pattern with reference to the same stimulus in the future …   English World dictionary

  • Imprinting — Genomische Prägung (engl. genomic imprinting) bezeichnet das Phänomen, dass die Expression von Genen davon abhängen kann, von welchem Elternteil das Allel stammt. Dieses Vererbungsschema steht im Widerspruch zur klassischen mendelschen Vererbung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • imprinting — /im prin ting/, n. Animal Behav., Psychol. rapid learning that occurs during a brief receptive period, typically soon after birth or hatching, and establishes a long lasting behavioral response to a specific individual or object, as attachment to …   Universalium

  • Imprinting — Ịmprinting   [zu englisch imprint »Abdruck«] das, s, genetischer Mechanismus, durch den von den beiden Allelen eines Gens nur eines, entweder das väterliche oder mütterliche, zur Expression (Genexpression) kommt. Das Imprinting erfolgt durch DNA …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Imprinting — Imprint Im*print , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Imptrinted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Imprinting}.] [OE. emprenten, F. empreint, p. p. of empreindre to imprint, fr. L. imprimere to impres, imprint. See 1st {In }, {Print}, and cf. {Impress}.] 1. To impress; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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