* * *
* * *the classic, louse-borne form of typhus, caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, which is transmitted from person to person by the human body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus, although the organism can also grow in the head louse, P. humanus capitis. Characteristics include abrupt onset; chills, fever, and malaise; headache that progresses in severity; backache and myalgia; a skin eruption that spreads from the trunk to cover much of the body; and central nervous system symptoms from dullness to stupor and sometimes coma and death. Recrudescences occur (see Brill-Zinsser disease, under disease). Outbreaks usually occur in crowded or unsanitary environments, so that it has been called by names such as camp fever, prison fever, and war fever.
Epidemic typhus. Nodule in the brain.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
epidemic typhus — (louse borne typhus) (ep i dem ik ti fus) A disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii that is transmitted from person to person by the body louse … Dictionary of microbiology
Typhus — Infobox Disease Name = Typhus Caption = Rash caused by Epidemic typhus. DiseasesDB = 29240 ICD10 = ICD10|A|75|1|a|75 ICD9 = ICD9|080 ICD9|083 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001363 eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 2332 MeshID = D014438Typhus is… … Wikipedia
typhus — typhous, adj. /tuy feuhs/, n. Pathol. an acute, infectious disease caused by several species of Rickettsia, transmitted by lice and fleas, and characterized by acute prostration, headache, and a peculiar eruption of reddish spots on the body.… … Universalium
typhus — A group of acute infectious and contagious diseases, caused by rickettsiae that are transmitted by arthropods, and occurring in two principal forms: epidemic t. and endemic (murine) t.; typical symptoms include: severe headache, shivering and… … Medical dictionary
Typhus — Cet article traite du typhus. Ne pas confondre avec la fièvre typhoïde, ni avec les fièvres paratyphoïdes Le typhus (du grec τῦφος typhos: stupeur, torpeur) est le nom donné à un groupe de maladies similaires, graves pour l homme. Il s agit … Wikipédia en Français
typhus — spotted fever; n. any one of a group of infections caused by rickettsiae and characterized by severe headache, a widespread rash, prolonged high fever, and delirium. They all respond to treatment with chloramphenicol or tetracyclines. Epidemic… … The new mediacal dictionary
Typhus, murine — An acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus, caused by a related microorganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis). The animal … Medical dictionary
Typhus, urban of Malaya — Murine typhus, an acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus. It is caused by a related microorganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas (Xenopsylla … Medical dictionary
Typhus — Typhus, also known as spotted fever, is a feared epidemic disease caused by poor hygiene, filth, famine, and extreme cold. The louse (pediculis corporis) is the vector of typhus and breeds in times of disaster such as in wartime and in… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
epidemic — n. 1) to touch off, trigger an epidemic 2) to contain, control an epidemic 3) an epidemic breaks out; spreads 4) a cholera; flu; measles; typhoid; typhus epidemic * * * [ˌepɪ demɪk] control an epidemic flu measles spreads trigger an epidemic … Combinatory dictionary