- A condition due to diminution or absence of the secretion of the parathyroid hormones, with low serum calcium and tetany, and sometimes with increased bone density. SEE ALSO: pseudohypoparathyroidism. SYN: parathyroid insufficiency.- familial h. inherited isolated h. characterized by hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, cataracts, intracerebral calcifications, and tetany; all three mendelian forms (sex-linked, autosomal dominant and recessive) of inheritance are known [MIM*146200, MIM*241400, and MIM*307700]. The autosomal dominant form is caused by mutation in either the parathyroid hormone gene (PTH) on chromosome 11p or the calcium sensing receptor gene (CASR) on 3q.
* * *hy·po·para·thy·roid·ism -.par-ə-'thī-.rȯid-.iz-əm n deficiency of parathyroid hormone in the body also the resultant abnormal state marked by low serum calcium and a tendency to chronic tetany
* * *n.subnormal activity of the parathyroid glands, causing a fall in the blood concentration of calcium and muscular spasms (see tetany).
* * *hy·po·para·thy·roid·ism (hi″po-par″ə-thiґroid-iz-əm) the condition produced by greatly reduced function of the parathyroid glands; it may be due to autoimmune disease, genetic factors, or the removal of the glands. Lack of parathyroid hormone leads to a fall in plasma calcium level (hypocalcemia), which may result in increased neuromuscular excitability and ultimately tetany, as well as a rise in plasma phosphate level. Bone turnover is reduced; there may also be dermatologic, ophthalmologic (cataracts), psychiatric, and dental symptoms, and associated primary failure of other endocrine glands such as the adrenal cortex. See also pseudohypoparathyroidism. Called also parathyroid insufficiency.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Hypoparathyroidism — Classification and external resources ICD 10 E20, E89.2, P71.4 … Wikipedia
hypoparathyroidism — noun Date: 1910 deficiency of parathyroid hormone in the body; also the resultant abnormal state marked by low serum calcium and a tendency to chronic tetany … New Collegiate Dictionary
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hypoparathyroidism — noun deficiency of parathyroid hormone. See Also: pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism … Wiktionary
hypoparathyroidism — [ˌhʌɪpəʊˌparə θʌɪrɔɪdɪz(ə)m] noun Medicine diminished concentration of parathyroid hormone in the blood, causing deficiencies of calcium and phosphorus compounds. Derivatives hypoparathyroid adjective … English new terms dictionary
hypoparathyroidism — hy·po·par·a·thy·roid·ism … English syllables
hypoparathyroidism — n. subnormal activity of the parathyroid glands, causing a fall in the blood concentration of calcium and muscular spasms (see tetany) … The new mediacal dictionary
hypoparathyroidism — noun inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood • Ant: ↑hyperparathyroidism • Hypernyms: ↑glandular disease, ↑gland disease, ↑glandular disorder, ↑adenosis … Useful english dictionary
Гипопаратиреоз (Hypoparathyroidism) — недостаточность функции паращитовидной железы, приводящая к уменьшению содержания ионов кальция в крови и развитию мышечных спазмов (см. Тетания). (Типичное проявление сильное сгибание рук в запястьях ред.) Источник: Медицинский словарь … Медицинские термины
parathyroid insufficiency — hypoparathyroidism … Medical dictionary