hypersplenism

Any of a group of conditions in which the cellular components of the blood or platelets are removed at an abnormally high rate by the spleen, resulting in low circulating levels.

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hy·per·sple·nism -'splē-.niz-əm, -'splen-.iz- n a condition marked by excessive destruction of one or more kinds of blood cells in the spleen
hy·per·splen·ic -'splen-ik adj

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n.
a decrease in the numbers of red cells, white cells, and platelets in the blood resulting from destruction or pooling of these cells by an enlarged spleen. Hypersplenism may occur in any condition in which there is enlargement of the spleen (see splenomegaly).

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hy·per·splen·ism (hi″pər-splenґiz-əm) a condition characterized by exaggeration of the suggested inhibitory or destructive functions of the spleen, resulting in deficiency of the peripheral blood elements, singly or in combination, hypercellularity of the bone marrow, and usually, but not always, splenomegaly.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hypersplenism — n. a decrease in the numbers of red cells, white cells, and platelets in the blood resulting from destruction or pooling of these cells by an enlarged spleen. Hypersplenism may occur in any condition in which there is enlargement of the spleen… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hypersplenism — hypersplenic, adj. /huy peuhr splee niz euhm, splen iz /, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition characterized by an enlarged spleen that prematurely destroys red blood cells or platelets. Also called hypersplenia /huy peuhr splee nee euh/. [1910 15;… …   Universalium

  • hypersplenism — noun A disorder in which abnormal spleen activity destroys blood cells …   Wiktionary

  • hypersplenism — n. overactivity of the spleen (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hypersplenism — hy·per·splenism …   English syllables

  • hypersplenism — noun enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders • Hypernyms: ↑symptom * * * ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈsplēˌnizəm, leˌn noun ( s) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary hyper + splen + ism : a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Гиперспленизм (Hypersplenism) — уменьшение числа эритроцитов, лейкоцитов и тромбоцитов в крови в результате их разрушения или скопления в увеличенной селезенке. Гиперспленизм может развиться в любом случае, когда у человека увеличивается селезенка (см. Спленомегалия). Источник …   Медицинские термины

  • ГИПЕРСПЛЕНИЗМ — (hypersplenism) уменьшение числа эритроцитов, лейкоцитов и тромбоцитов в крови в результате их разрушения или скопления в увеличенной селезенке. Гиперспленизм может развиться в любом случае, когда у человека увеличивается селезенка (см.… …   Толковый словарь по медицине

  • Splenomegaly — Classification and external resources ICD 10 Q89.0, R16.1 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • Cirrhosis — Classification and external resources A person with massive ascites and caput medusae due to cirrhotic liver failure ICD 10 K …   Wikipedia

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