hydrocolloid

A gelatinous colloid in unstable equilibrium with its contained water, useful in dentistry for impressions because of its dimensional stability under controlled conditions.
- irreversible h. a h. whose physical state is changed by an irreversible chemical reaction when water is added to a powder and an insoluble substance is formed.
- reversible h. a h. composed of a base substance whose physical state may be changed from a solid or semisolid to a liquid by the application of heat and then changed to that of an elastic gel by cooling.

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hy·dro·col·loid -'käl-.ȯid n any of several substances that yield gels with water (as alginic acid salts, agar, carrageenan, and related polysaccharide gums) and that are used esp. as protective colloids and as impression materials in dentistry
hy·dro·col·loi·dal -kə-'lȯid-əl, -kä- adj

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hy·dro·col·loid (hi″dro-kolґoid) [hydro- + colloid] a colloid system in which water is the dispersion medium.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hydrocolloid — [hī΄drəkäl′oid΄] n. any of several substances, as gum arabic or agar, that form gels with water and are mostly used to thicken or smooth food products …   English World dictionary

  • hydrocolloid — noun Date: 1916 a substance that yields a gel with water • hydrocolloidal adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hydrocolloid — hydrocolloidal /huy droh keuh loyd l/, adj. /huy dreuh kol oyd/, n. a substance that forms a colloid when combined with water. [1925 30; HYDRO 1 + COLLOID] * * * …   Universalium

  • hydrocolloid — noun a) Any material that forms a colloid (especially a gel) when mixed with water b) Such a material, made from agar, used to make dental impressions …   Wiktionary

  • hydrocolloid — [ˌhʌɪdrə(ʊ) kɒlɔɪd] noun a substance which forms a gel in the presence of water …   English new terms dictionary

  • hydrocolloid — hy·dro·colloid …   English syllables

  • hydrocolloid — /haɪdrəˈkɒlɔɪd/ (say huydruh koloyd) noun any substance that will form a gel with the addition of water …   Australian English dictionary

  • hydrocolloid — noun a substance that forms a gel with water • Hypernyms: ↑substance • Hyponyms: ↑jello, ↑Jell O …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hydrocolloid dressing — A hydrocolloid dressing (trade names include Duoderm[1], Granuflex[2], and 3M Tegaderm Hydrocolloid) is an opaque dressing used in medicine to provide a moist wound healing environment, while protecting from contamination. Hydrocolloids were… …   Wikipedia

  • hydrocolloid impression — a denture impression made of a hydrocolloid material …   Medical dictionary

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