hydrocarbon

A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon.
- Diels h. a phenanthrene derivative obtained by the dehydrogenation of various steroids.
- saturated h. a h. that contains the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, so that the molecule contains neither rings nor multiple bonds.

* * *

hy·dro·car·bon -'kär-bən n an organic compound (as acetylene, benzene, or butane) containing only carbon and hydrogen and often occurring in petroleum, natural gas, coal, and bitumens

* * *

hy·dro·car·bon (hiґdro-kahr″bən) an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only. The hydrocarbons are divided into alicyclic, aliphatic, and aromatic hydrocarbons, according to the arrangement of the atoms and the chemical properties of the compounds.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrocarbon — Hy dro*car bon, n. [Hydro , 2 + carbon.] (Chem.) A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane, benzene, etc.; also, by extension, any of their derivatives. [1913 Webster] {Hydrocarbon burner}, {furnace}, {stove}, a burner, furnace,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrocarbon — UK US /ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən/ noun [C] ► ENVIRONMENT a chemical combination of hydrogen and carbon, such as in oil or petrol: »Hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles …   Financial and business terms

  • hydrocarbon — compound of hydrogen and carbon, 1826, formed in English from HYDROGEN (Cf. hydrogen) + CARBON (Cf. carbon) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — ► NOUN ▪ a compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — [hī΄drə kär′bən, hī′drə kär΄bən] n. any compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as benzene or methane …   English World dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …   Universalium

  • Hydrocarbon — Ball and stick model of the methane molecule, CH4. Methane is part of a homologous series known as the alkanes, which contain single bonds only. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon …   Wikipedia

  • hydrocarbon — UK [ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑː(r)bən] / US [ˌhaɪdroʊˈkɑrbən] noun [countable] Word forms hydrocarbon : singular hydrocarbon plural hydrocarbons chemistry a chemical substance that contains only hydrogen and carbon, for example methane …   English dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — [[t]ha͟ɪdroʊkɑ͟ː(r)b(ə)n[/t]] hydrocarbons N COUNT A hydrocarbon is a chemical compound that is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon …   English dictionary

  • Hydrocarbon —   An organic chemical compound of hydrogen and carbon in the gaseous, liquid, or solid phase. The molecular structure of hydrocarbon compounds varies from the simplest (methane, a constituent of natural gas) to the very heavy and very complex.… …   Energy terms

  • hydrocarbon — angliavandenilis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Anglies junginys su vandeniliu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrocarbon rus. углеводород …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.