An amino acid, one of the 20 amino acids that serve as the building blocks in protein. Alanine is not an "essential" amino acid. (It is not essential to the diet, but can be made by the body from other substances. Alanine was discovered in protein in 1875. It is abbreviated Ala.
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2-Aminopropionic acid; α-aminopropionic acid; the l-stereoisomer is one of the amino acid s widely occurring in proteins.

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al·a·nine 'al-ə-.nēn n a simple nonessential crystalline amino acid C3H7NO2 formed esp. by the hydrolysis of proteins abbr. Ala

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al·a·nine (Ala) (A) (alґə-nēn) 1. a nonessential amino acid, 2-aminopropanoic acid, occurring in proteins; high levels also occur free in plasma. It is synthesized from pyruvate. See also table at amino acid. 2. [USP] a preparation of alanine used as a dietary supplement.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Alanine — Alanine …   Wikipedia

  • alanine — [ alanin ] n. f. • 1850; de al(déhyde) et suff. chim. ine ♦ Biochim. Acide aminé naturel aliphatique. ● alanine nom féminin (de al[déhyde]) Acide aminé non essentiel, glucoformateur. alanine n. f. BIOCHIM Acide aminé aliphatique présent dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alanine — Al a*nine, n. [Aldehyde + the ending ine. The n is a euphonic insertion.] (Chem.) one of the natural amino acids found combined in the proteins of most living tissues. It can be isolated as a white crystalline base, {C3H7NO2}. The natural form is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alanine — alanine. См. аланин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Alanine — Alanine, soviel wie Amidosäuren …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • alanine — [al′ə nēn΄] n. [Ger alanin < al(dehyd), ALDEHYDE + an (arbitrary insert) + in, INE3] a naturally occurring nonessential amino acid, CH3CH(NH2)COOH: it is a colorless crystal, soluble in water, and is used in biochemical research: see AMINO… …   English World dictionary

  • Alanine — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Aniline. Alanine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • alanine — /al euh neen , nin/, n. Biochem. any of several isomers of a colorless, crystalline, water soluble amino acid, CH3CH(NH2)COOH, found in many proteins and produced synthetically: used chiefly in biochemical research. Abbr.: Ala; Symbol: A [1860… …   Universalium

  • alanine — Normally refers to L a alanine, the aliphatic amino acid found in proteins. The isomer b alanine is a component of the vitamin pantothenic acid and thus also of coenzyme A …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • alanine — noun a) A nonessential amino acid 2 aminopropanoic acid found in most animal proteins Potatoes can be a good source of alanine. b) A specific residue, molecule, or isomer of this amino acid T …   Wiktionary

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