- anatomy) of the individual. Dysmorphology literally mean, "the study of abnormal form." A pediatrician, endocrinologist, embryologist and clinical geneticist himself, David Smith (1926-1981) was the seminal figure in the development of dysmorphology as an interdisciplinary area of medicine. "As a scientific discipline, dysmorphology combines concepts, knowledge, and techniques from the fields of embryology, clinical genetics and pediatrics," Dr. Jon Aase, one of Dr. Smith's former students, has noted.
"As a medical subspecialty, dysmorphology deals with people who have congenital abnormalities and with their families. Whenever any physician is confronted by a patient with a birth defect, he or she becomes, for the moment at least, a dysmorphologist." (JM Aase: Diagnostic Dysmorphology, 1990, Plenum, New York).
* * *General term for the study of, or the subject of, abnormal development of tissue form. A branch of clinical genetics. [dys- + G. morphe, form, + logos, study]
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* * *dys·mor·phol·o·gy (dis″mor-folґə-je) [dys- + morpho- + -logy] a branch of clinical genetics concerned with the diagnosis and interpretation of patterns of the three types of structural defectsâ€”malformation, disruption, and deformation (qq.v.)
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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dysmorphology — noun The study of genetic defects, especially congenital malformations … Wiktionary
Association (dysmorphology) — In dysmorphology (the study of birth defects), the term association has a special meaning, namely, it is the nonrandom occurrence in two or more individuals of a pattern of multiple anomalies (birth defects) not known to be a malformation… … Medical dictionary
Birth defects, study of — The study of birth defects is now usually called dysmorphology. Dysmorphology is a term coined by Dr. David W. Smith in the 1960 s to describe the study of human congenital malformations (birth defects), particularly those affecting the… … Medical dictionary
Dysmorphic feature — A body characteristic that is abnormally formed. A malformed ear, for example, is a dysmorphic feature. Dysmorphology is a term coined by Dr. David W. Smith in the 1960 s to describe the study of human congenital malformations (birth defects),… … Medical dictionary
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dysmorphologist — dys·mor·phol·o·gist mȯr fäl ə jist n a specialist in dysmorphology * * * dys·mor·phol·o·gist (dis″mor folґə jist) a specialist in dysmorphology … Medical dictionary