glycerol

A sweet viscous fluid obtained by the saponification of fats and fixed oils; used as a solvent, as a skin emollient, by injection or in the form of suppository for constipation, and as a vehicle and sweetening agent. SYN: 1,2,3-propanetriol, glycerin, glycerite (1), glyceryl alcohol.
- iodinated g. a form of organically bound iodine which liberates iodine systemically. Has been used as a medicinal source of iodine and as an expectorant in place of inorganic iodides such as potassium iodide. SYN: iodopropylidene g., organidin.
- g. kinase an enzyme that catalyzes a reaction between ATP and g. to yield sn-g. 3-phosphate and ADP; in adipose tissue, the first and rate-limiting step in the synthesis of triacylglycerols; deficiency results in the disruption of adrenal, muscle, and/or liver and brain function. SYN: glycerokinase.
- g. phosphate the anion of a phosphoric ester of g.; the 3-derivative is the central component of phosphatidates (R-g. 3-phosphate). SYN: glycerophosphate.

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glyc·er·ol 'glis-ə-.rȯl, -.rōl n a sweet syrupy hygroscopic trihydroxy alcohol C3H8O3 usu. obtained by the saponification of fats and used esp. as a solvent and plasticizer, as a moistening agent, emollient, and lubricant, and as an emulsifying agent called also glycerin

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glyc·er·ol (glisґər-ol) a trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is the backbone of many lipids and an important intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Pharmaceutical preparations are called glycerin (q.v.).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glycerol — Glycérol Glycérol Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glycérol — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • glycérol — [ gliserɔl ] n. m. • 1905; de glycérine et ol ♦ Chim. Glycérine. ● glycérol nom masculin Trialcool de formule HOCH2―CHOH―CH2OH. Alcool de l organisme, constituant des lipides et source d énergie. glycérol ou glycerol [gliseʀɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. 1905,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glycerol — Glyc er*ol, n. (Chem.) Same as {Glycerin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glycerol — glycerol. См. глицерол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • glycerol — 1884, from GLYCERINE (Cf. glycerine) + OL (Cf. ol), suffix denoting alcohols …   Etymology dictionary

  • glycerol — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by product in soap manufacture, used as an emollient and laxative …   English terms dictionary

  • glycerol — [glis′ər ôl΄, glis′ərōl΄] n. [ GLYCER(IN) + OL1] an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid, C3H5 (OH) 3, prepared by the hydrolysis of fats and oils: it is used as a solvent, skin lotion, food preservative, etc., and in the manufacture of explosives …   English World dictionary

  • Glycerol — Glycerine and Glycerin redirect here. For the Bush song, see Glycerine (song). Glycerol …   Wikipedia

  • glycerol — /glis euh rawl , rol /, n. a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C3H8O3, usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and preserving food, in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes, inks, and certain …   Universalium

  • Glycerol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Glycerin Andere Namen Glycerol 1,2,3 Propantriol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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