gastrectomy

Excision of a part or all of the stomach. [gastr- + G. ektome, excision]
- Hofmeister g. hofmeister operation in which a portion of the stomach is removed and a retrocolic gastrojejunostomy is constructed in an end-to-side fashion to only the greater curvature portion of the transected stomach.
- Pólya g. operation in which a portion of the stomach is removed and a retrocolic gastrojejunostomy is constructed in an end-to-side fashion to the entire cut end of the stomach. SYN: Pólya operation.

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gas·trec·to·my ga-'strek-tə-mē n, pl -mies surgical removal of all or part of the stomach

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n.
a surgical operation in which the whole or a part of the stomach is removed. Total gastrectomy, in which the oesophagus is joined to the duodenum, is usually performed for stomach cancer but occasionally for the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. In partial (or subtotal) gastrectomy the upper third or half of the stomach is joined to the duodenum or small intestine (gastroenterostomy); this operation was used in severe cases of peptic ulcer before the advent of effective drug treatment. After gastrectomy capacity for food is reduced, sometimes leading to weight loss. Other complications of gastrectomy include dumping syndrome, anaemia, and malabsorption.

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gas·trec·to·my (gas-trekґtə-me) [gastr- + -ectomy] excision of all (total g.) or part (subtotal or partial g.) of the stomach. Called also gastric resection.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gastrectomy — 1886, from GASTRO (Cf. gastro ) + ECTOMY (Cf. ectomy) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastrectomy — [gas trek′tə mē] n. pl. gastrectomies [ GASTR(O) + ECTOMY: see GASTRO ] the surgical removal of all, or esp. part, of the stomach …   English World dictionary

  • gastrectomy — /ga strek teuh mee/, n., pl. gastrectomies. partial or total excision of the stomach. [1885 90; GASTR + ECTOMY] * * * Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach to treat peptic ulcers. It eliminates the cells that secrete acid and halts the… …   Universalium

  • gastrectomy — n. a surgical operation in which the whole or a part of the stomach is removed. Total gastrectomy, in which the oesophagus is joined to the duodenum, is usually performed for stomach cancer but occasionally for the Zollinger Ellison syndrome. In… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Gastrectomy — A gastrectomy is a partial or full surgical removal of the stomach. IndicationsGastrectomies are performed to treat cancer and perforations of the stomach wall. In severe duodenal ulcers it may be necessary to remove the lower portion of the… …   Wikipedia

  • gastrectomy — noun (plural mies) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1886 surgical removal of all or part of the stomach …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gastrectomy — noun Removal of the stomach …   Wiktionary

  • gastrectomy — n. surgical removal of part or all of the stomach …   English contemporary dictionary

  • gastrectomy — [ga strɛktəmi] noun (plural gastrectomies) surgical removal of a part or the whole of the stomach …   English new terms dictionary

  • gastrectomy — gas·trec·to·my …   English syllables

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