gait

Manner of walking.
- antalgic g. a characteristic g. resulting from pain on weightbearing in which the stance phase of g. is shortened on the affected side.
- ataxic g. SYN: cerebellar g..
- calcaneal g. a g. disturbance, characterized by walking on heel, due to paralysis of the calf muscles, seen following poliomyelitis and in some other neurologic diseases.
- cerebellar g. wide-based g. with lateral veering, unsteadiness, and irregularity of steps; often with a tendency to fall to one or other side, forward or backward. SYN: ataxic g..
- Charcot g. the g. of hereditary ataxia.
- equine g. SYN: high-steppage g..
- festinating g. g. in which the trunk is flexed, legs are flexed at the knees and hips, but stiff, while the steps are short and progressively more rapid; characteristically seen with parkinsonism (1) and other neurologic diseases. SYN: festination.
- gluteus maximus g. compensatory backward propulsion of trunk to maintain center of gravity over the supporting lower extremity.
- gluteus medius g. compensatory list of body (or throw of trunk) to the weak gluteal side, to place the center of gravity over the supporting lower extremity.
- helicopod g. a g., seen in some conversion reactions or hysterical disorders, in which the feet describe half circles. SYN: helicopodia.
- hemiplegic g. g. in which the leg is stiff, without flexion at knee and ankle, and with each step is rotated away from the body, then towards it, forming a semicircle. SYN: circumduction g., spastic g..
- high-steppage g. a g. in which the foot is raised high to avoid catching a drooping foot and brought down suddenly in a flapping manner; often seen in peroneal nerve palsy ( i.e., foot-drop) and tabes. SYN: equine g..
- hysterical g. a variety of bizarre gaits seen with hysteria-conversion reaction; usually the foot is dragged or pushed ahead, instead of lifted, while walking; frequently the foot is held dorsiflexed and inverted.
- scissor g. g. in which each leg swings medially as well as forward on walking; usually due to bilateral lower extremity spasticity, the result of cerebral palsy.
- spastic g. SYN: hemiplegic g..
- steppage g. a g. in which the advancing foot is lifted higher than usual so that it can clear the ground, because it cannot be dorsiflexed. Seen with peroneal neuropathies and other disorders causing foot dorsiflexion weakness. See high-steppage g.. SYN: steppage.
- toppling g. a g. in which the steps are uncertain and hesitant, and the patient totters and sometimes falls; probably due to a balance disorder; may be seen in elderly patients after a stroke.
- waddling g. rolling g. in which the weight-bearing hip is not stabilized; it bulges outward with each step, while the opposite side of the pelvis drops, resulting in alternating lateral trunk movements; due to gluteus medius muscle weakness, and seen with muscular dystrophies, among other disorders. SYN: waddle.

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gait 'gāt n
1) a manner of walking or moving on foot
2) a sequence of foot movements (as a walk, trot, pace, or canter) by which a horse or a dog moves forward

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(gāt) the manner or style of walking. See also gait cycle, under cycle.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gait — Gait, n. [See {Gate} a way.] 1. A going; a walk; a march; a way. [1913 Webster] Good gentleman, go your gait, and let poor folks pass. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Manner of walking or stepping; bearing or carriage while moving. [1913 Webster] T is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gait — [gāt] n. [ME gate, a going, gait, orig., path < ON gata, path between hedges, street, akin to Ger gasse, lane] 1. manner of moving on foot; way of walking or running 2. any of the various foot movements of a horse, as a trot, pace, canter, or… …   English World dictionary

  • gait — [geıt] n [singular] [Date: 1400 1500; Origin: gate way (13 21 centuries), from Old Norse gata road ] the way someone walks ▪ a slow shuffling gait …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gait — [ geıt ] noun singular the way that someone walks: his distinctive rolling gait …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • gait — gait·ed; gait; …   English syllables

  • gait|ed — «GAY tihd», adjective. trained when to use different gaits; having a certain gait: »a gaited horse, heavy gaited oxen …   Useful english dictionary

  • gait — index step Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • gait — (n.) c.1300, gate a going or walking, departure, journey, earlier way, road, path (c.1200), from a Scandinavian source (Cf. O.N. gata way, road, path ), cognate with O.H.G. gazza street, Ger. Gasse, Goth. gatwo. Meaning manner of walking is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gait — OR GATE A term used in the woollen trade to denote a full repeat of the draft in heald weaving, or one complete row of jacquard harness, usually 8 or 16 …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • gait — [n] way an animal or person moves, walks amble, bearing, canter, carriage, clip, gallop, get along, lick, march, motion, movement, pace, run, speed, step, stride, tread, trot, walk; concept 149 …   New thesaurus

  • gait — ► NOUN 1) a person s manner of walking. 2) the paces of a horse or dog. ORIGIN Old Norse …   English terms dictionary

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