Fusobacterium

A genus of bacteria (family Bacteroidaceae) containing Gram-negative, nonsporeforming, nonmotile, obligately anaerobic rods that produce butyric acid as a major metabolic product. These organisms are found in cavities of humans and other animals; some species are pathogenic. The type species is F. nucleatum. [L. fusus, a spindle, + bacterium]
- F. mortiferum Sphaerophorus mortiferus; a bacterial species found in the gastrointestinal tract and associated with abdominal infections in humans.
- F. necrophorum Sphaerophorus necrophorus; an unusually pleomorphic species causing or associated with several necrotic conditions in animals, such as calf diphtheria, labial necrosis of rabbits, necrotic rhinitis of pigs, foot rot of cattle, sheep, and goats, and occasionally necrotic lesions in humans. SYN: necrosis bacillus.
- F. nucleatum a bacterial species (probably Plaut or Vincent bacillus) found in the mouth and in infections of the upper respiratory tract, pleural cavity, and occasionally the lower intestinal tract; it is the most common cause of human f. infection, and is the type species of the genus F..

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fu·so·bac·te·ri·um .fyü-zō-bak-'tir-ē-əm n
1) cap a genus of gram-negative anaerobic strictly parasitic rod-shaped bacteria of the family Bacteroidaceae that include some pathogens occurring esp. in purulent or gangrenous infections
2) pl -ria -ē-ə any bacterium of the genus Fusobacterium

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n.
a genus of Gram-negative rodlike bacteria with tapering ends. Most species are normal inhabitants of the mouth of animals and humans and produce no harmful effects, but anaerobic Fusobacterium species are associated with ulcerative gingivitis.

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Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um (fu″zo-bak-tērґe-əm) [L. fusus spindle +bacterium] a genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporulating bacteria of the family Fusobacteriaceae, consisting of slender cells with tapered ends. Some species are normal inhabitants of the body cavities of animals, and others are pathogenic. The type species is Fusobacterium nucleaґtum.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fusobacterium — Fusobacterium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fusobacterium — género de bacilos anaerobios con forma de cigarro puro con sólo una especie, Fusobacterium fusiforme, patógeno para los seres humanos. Se asocia a veces con la angina de Vincent. Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Fusobacterium — Fusobacterium,   Fusobakteri|en, Gattung gramnegativer, anaerober, spindelförmiger (»fusiformer«) Bakterien mit 13 Arten, die bei Mensch und Tieren als Kommensalen oder Krankheitserreger vorkommen; z. B. können Fusobacterium fusiforme oder… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fusobacterium — См. Фузобактерии (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Fusobacterium — Fusobacterium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fusobacterium — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Fusobacterium image width = 240px image caption = Fusobacterium novum in liquid culture. domain = Bacteria phylum = Fusobacteria familia = Fusobacteriaceae genus = Fusobacterium genus authority = Knorr 1922… …   Wikipedia

  • fusobacterium — |fyü(ˌ)zō+ noun Etymology: New Latin, from fuso + bacterium 1. capitalized : a genus of gram negative anaerobic strictly parasitic rod shaped bacteria usually placed among the Bacteroidaceae and sometimes included in Fusiformis see fusiform… …   Useful english dictionary

  • fusobacterium — /fyooh zoh bak tear ee euhm/, n., pl. fusobacteria / tear ee euh/. any of several rod shaped, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Fusobacterium, certain species of which are pathogenic in humans. [ < NL (1922), equiv. to L fus(us) spindle + NL o O +… …   Universalium

  • Fusobacterium — n. a genus of Gram negative rodlike bacteria with tapering ends. Most species are normal inhabitants of the mouth of animals and humans and produce no harmful effects, but anaerobic Fusobacterium species are associated with ulcerative gingivitis …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • fusobacterium — n. family of rod shaped bacteria …   English contemporary dictionary

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