- Disease, pelvic inflammatory (PID)
- Despite its seeming lack of gender, this term is applied to women only. PID refers exclusively to ascending infection of the female upper genital tract (the female structures above the cervix). PID is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from AIDS, among women. The signs and symptoms of PID include fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, extreme pain, including pain during intercourse, and vaginal bleeding. PID can scar the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and related structures and lead to ectopic pregnancies, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and other serious consequences. The infectious microorganisms in PID migrate upward from the urethra and cervix into the upper genital tract. Many different organisms can cause PID, but most cases are associated with gonorrhea and genital chlamydial infections, two very common STDs. The gonococcus (Neisseria gonorrhea), which causes gonorrhea, probably travels up into the fallopian tubes, where it causes sloughing (casting off) of some cells and invades others. It multiplies within and beneath these cells. The infection then spreads to other organs, resulting in more inflammation and scarring. The presence of a cervical mucus plug normally helps prevent the spread of microorganisms to the upper genital tract, but it is less effective during ovulation and menses. The gonococcus may gain access more easily during menses, if menstrual blood flows backward from the uterus into the fallopian tubes, carrying the organisms with it. This may explain why symptoms of PID caused by gonorrhea often begin immediately after menstruation as opposed to any other time during the menstrual cycle. Women with STDs are at greater risk of developing PID. A prior episode of PID increases the risk because the body’s defenses are often damaged during the initial bout of upper genital tract infection. Sexually active teenagers are more likely to develop PID than are older women. The more sexual partners a woman has, the greater is her risk of developing PID. Women who douche once or twice a month may also be more likely to have PID. Douching may push the microorganisms up into the upper genital tract and it may also ease the discharge, masking the infection, so the woman delays seeking health care.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
pelvic inflammatory disease — n infection of the female reproductive tract (as the fallopian tubes and ovaries) that results from microorganisms (as Neisseria gonorrhea or Chlamydia trachomatis) transmitted esp. during sexual intercourse but also by other means (as during… … Medical dictionary
pelvic inflammatory disease — PID an acute or chronic condition in which the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries are infected. It is usually the result of infection ascending from the vagina; Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae have been identified as causative… … The new mediacal dictionary
pelvic inflammatory disease — (PID) an acute or chronic condition in which the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries are infected. The inflammation is the result of infection spreading from an adjacent infected organ (such as the appendix) or ascending from the vagina (as in… … Medical dictionary
Pelvic inflammatory disease — ICD9|616 ICDO = Caption = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 410 DiseasesDB = 9748 Pelvic inflammatory disease (or disorder) (PID) is a generic term for inflammation of the female uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries… … Wikipedia
pelvic inflammatory disease — (PID) Also called salpingitis, the term is applied to infections of the fallopian tubes that follow or are concurrent with uterine and cervical infections. Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are the most common organisms, and the infection is usually… … Herbal-medical glossary
pelvic inflammatory disease — (PID) A severe infection of the female reproductive organs. The disease that results when gonococci and chlamydiae infect the uterine tubes and surrounding tissue … Dictionary of microbiology
pelvic inflammatory disease — Pathol. an inflammation of the female pelvic organs, most commonly the fallopian tubes, usually as a result of bacterial infection. Abbr.: PID [1980 85] * * * ▪ pathology general acute inflammation of the pelvic cavity in women, caused by… … Universalium
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) — Ascending infection of the female upper genital tract (the female structures above the cervix). PID is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from AIDS, among women. The signs and symptoms of PID… … Medical dictionary
PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) — Despite its seeming lack of gender, this term is applied to women only. PID refers exclusively to ascending infection of the female upper genital tract (the female structures above the cervix). PID is the most common and serious complication of… … Medical dictionary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) — Acute inflammation of the pelvic cavity in women, caused by bacterial infection (usually gonorrhea or chlamydia) of the reproductive system. Usually a sexually transmitted disease, it occurs mainly in sexually active women under age 25, more… … Universalium