exenteration

Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity. SYN: evisceration (1). [G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel]
- anterior pelvic e. removal of the urinary bladder, lower parts of the ureter, vagina, uterus, adnexa, and adjacent lymph node s; a urinary diversion is necessary.
- orbital e. removal of the entire contents of the orbit.
- pelvic e. removal of all of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis; usually performed to surgically ablate cancer involving urinary bladder, uterine cervix, and rectum.
- posterior pelvic e. removal of the vagina, uterus, adnexa, rectum, anus, and adjacent lymph node s; a colostomy is necessary.
- total pelvic e. removal of the urinary bladder, lower parts of the ureter, vagina, uterus, adnexa, rectum, anus, and adjacent lymph node s; a colostomy and urinary diversion are necessary. SYN: Brunschwig operation.

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ex·en·ter·a·tion ig-.zent-ə-'rā-shən n
1) EVISCERATION
2) surgical removal of the contents of a bodily cavity (as the orbit, pelvis, or a sinus) <pelvic \exenteration for advanced uterine, bladder, and rectal carcinoma (Jour. Amer. Med. Assoc.)>
ex·en·ter·ate ig-'zent-ə-.rāt vt, -at·ed; -at·ing

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n.
(in ophthalmology) an operation in which all the contents of the eye socket (orbit) are removed, leaving only the bony walls intact. The bone is covered by a skin graft. This operation is sometimes necessary when there is a malignant tumour in the orbit.

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ex·en·ter·a·tion (ek-sen″tər-aґshən) [ex- + Gr. enteron bowel] 1. a more extensive type of evisceration (removal of organs), usually radical excision of the contents of a body cavity, as of the pelvis. 2. in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • exentération — ● exentération nom féminin (grec eksenteridzein, ôter) Exentération de l orbite, ablation des parties molles de l orbite et des paupières, pratiquée en cas de tumeur maligne. ● exentération (expressions) nom féminin (grec eksenteridzein, ôter)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Exenteration — Ex*en ter*a tion, n. [LL. exenteratio.] Act of exenterating. [R.] [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Exenteration — (Exenteratio) oder Eviszeration (Evisceratio) sind die medizinischen Fachbegriffe für das Herausnehmen (ex aus, heraus) von Eingeweiden (griechisch: enteron, lateinisch: viscera), die sogenannte „Ausweidung“. Beide Begriffe können synonym… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Exenteration — (v. lat.), 1) Ausweidung; 2) Eröffnung u. Entleerung der Brust u. Bauchhöhle …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • exenteration — noun /ɛksɛntəˈɹeɪʃən/ The surgical removal of all the contents of a body cavity such as the pelvis or the orbit. How to keep the corps seven dayes from corruption by anointing and washing, without exenteration, were an hazardable peece of art, in …   Wiktionary

  • exenteration — noun see exenterate …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • exenteration — See exenterate. * * * …   Universalium

  • Exenteration — Exen|te|ra|ti|on, die; , en [zu griech. ex = (her)aus u. énteron = das Innere; Eingeweide] (Med.): 1. vorübergehende Vorverlagerung von Organen, bes. der Eingeweide bei Bauchoperationen. 2. Entfernung des Augapfels. 3. ↑Eviszeration (2) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Exenteration — Ex|enteratio̱n [zu ex...2 u. gr. ἐντερον = das Innere; der Darm, die Eingeweide] w; , en, in fachspr. Fügungen: Ex|entera̱tio, Mehrz.: ...io̱|nes: 1) vorübergehende Vorverlagerung von Organen, bes. der Eingeweide bei Bauchoperationen. 2) =… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Exenteration — Exen|te|ra|ti|on* die; , en <zu 2↑ex..., gr. énteron »Darm, Eingeweide« u. ↑...ation>: 1. vorübergehende Vorverlagerung von Organen, bes. der Eingeweide bei Bauchoperationen (Med.). 2. Entfernung des Augapfels od. der Eingeweide (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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