erythroblast

Originally, a term denoting all forms of human red blood cells containing a nucleus, both pathologic ( i.e., megaloblastic) and normal ( e.g., normoblastic). The pathologic or megaloblastic series is observed in pernicious anemia in relapse. The term megaloblast is also used to indicate the first generation of cells in the red blood cell series that can be distinguished from precursor endothelial cells; hence with this usage, megaloblast denotes both a normal and an abnormal cell. In the erythrobastic series of maturation four stages of development can be recognized: 1) proerythroblast, 2) basophilic e., 3) polychromatic e., and 4) orthochromatic e.. In the megaloblastic series of maturation, stages similar to those found in the normoblastic series are seen: 1) promegaloblast, 2) basophilic megaloblast, 3) polychromatic megaloblast, and 4) orthochromatic megaloblast. In the normal series of maturation, after loss of the nucleus, young erythrocytes are called reticulocytes; these cells may be recognized with supravital stains such as brilliant cresyl blue; ultimately the reticulocytes become erythrocytes, or mature red blood cells. SYN: erythrocytoblast. [erythro- + G. blastos, germ]

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eryth·ro·blast i-'rith-rə-.blast n a polychromatic nucleated cell of red marrow that synthesizes hemoglobin and that is an intermediate in the initial stage of red blood cell formation broadly a cell ancestral to red blood cells compare NORMOBLAST
eryth·ro·blas·tic -.rith-rə-'blas-tik adj

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n.
any of a series of nucleated cells (see normoblast, proerythroblast) that pass through a succession of stages of maturation to form red blood cells (erythrocyte). Erythroblasts are normally present in the blood-forming tissue of the bone marrow, but they may appear in the circulation in a variety of diseases, (see erythroblastosis). See also erythropoiesis.

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eryth·ro·blast (ə-rithґro-blast) [erythro- + -blast] a term originally used to indicate any type of nucleated erythrocyte, but now usually limited to one of the nucleated precursors of an erythrocyte, i.e. one of the developmental stages in the erythrocytic series (q.v.), in contrast to a megaloblast. In this usage, it is called also normoblast. erythroblastic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • erythroblast — n. a nucleated cell in bone marrow from which red blood cells develop. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • erythroblast — [e rith′rō blast΄] n. [ ERYTHRO + BLAST] a small nucleated cell, found normally in the marrow of bones, from which an erythrocyte develops erythroblastic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Erythroblast — Rote Blutkörperchen Erythropoese (auch Erythropoiese) ist der Vorgang der Bildung und Entwicklung der Erythrozyten (rote Blutkörperchen). Sie erfolgt vor der Geburt in Dottersack, Leber, Milz und Knochenmark, nach der Geburt nur noch im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • erythroblast — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1890 a polychromatic nucleated cell of red bone marrow that synthesizes hemoglobin and that is an intermediate in the initial stage of red blood cell formation; broadly a cell… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • erythroblast — Rather non committal name for a nucleated cell of the bone marrow that gives rise to erythrocytes. See also normoblasts, BFU E, CFU E, primitive and definitive erythroblasts …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • erythroblast — erythroblastic, adj. /i rith reuh blast /, n. Anat. a nucleated cell in the bone marrow from which red blood cells develop. [1885 90; ERYTHRO + BLAST] * * * ▪ biology       nucleated cell occurring in red marrow as a stage or stages in the… …   Universalium

  • erythroblast — noun Cell in the bone marrow from which red blood cells develop …   Wiktionary

  • Erythroblast — Ery|thro|blạst auch: Eryth|ro|blạst 〈m. 16; Med.〉 kernhaltige Vorstufe der roten Blutkörperchen [<grch. erythros „rot“ + blastos „Spross, Keim“] * * * Ery|thro|blạst, der; en, en <meist Pl.> [zu griech. erythrós = rot u. blastós =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Erythroblast — ◆ E|ry|thro|blạst 〈m.; Gen.: en, Pl.: en; Med.〉 kernhaltige, unreife Zelle, aus der durch Teilung rote Blutkörperchen entstehen [Etym.: <Erythr… + blastos »Spross, Keim«]   ◆ Die Buchstabenfolge e|ry|thr… kann auch e|ryth|r… getrennt werden …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Erythroblast — Ery|thro|blạst [↑erythro... u. ↑...blast] m; en, en (meist Mehrz.): kernhaltige Jugendform (unreife Vorstufe) der roten Blutkörperchen …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

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