erysipelas

A specific, acute, superficial cutaneous cellulitis caused by β-hemolytic streptococci and characterized by hot, red, edematous, brawny, and sharply defined eruptions; usually accompanied by severe constitutional symptoms. [G., fr. erythros, red + pella, skin]
- ambulant e. SYN: e. migrans.
- e. internum an erysipelatous eruption in the vagina, uterus, and peritoneum, occurring in the puerperium.
- e. migrans a widely spreading form involving the entire face or body surface. SYN: ambulant e., wandering e..
- e. perstans faciei chronic, dusky red eruption of e. on the face.
- phlegmonous e. a form marked by invasion of the subcutaneous tissues, with the formation of deep-seated abscesses.
- e. pustulosum development of pustules over the area of e..
- surgical e. e. caused by infection of the wound following a surgical procedure.
- swine e. a destructive disease of swine, occurring in both acute and chronic forms, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
- wandering e. SYN: e. migrans.

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er·y·sip·e·las .er-ə-'sip-(ə-)ləs, .ir- n
1) an acute febrile disease that is associated with intense often vesicular and edematous local inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues and that is caused by a hemolytic streptococcus
2) SWINE ERYSIPELAS used esp. when the disease affects hosts other than swine

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n.
a streptococcal infection of the skin, especially the face, characterized by redness and swelling; it usually has a sharply defined margin, which can differentiate erysipelas from the otherwise similar cellulitis. The patient is ill, with a high temperature. penicillin V is the treatment of choice.

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er·y·sip·e·las (er″ə-sipґə-ləs) [Gr. erythros red + pella skin] an acute superficial form of cellulitis involving the dermal lymphatics, usually caused by infection with group A streptococci. Characteristics include a peripherally spreading hot, bright red, edematous, brawny, infiltrated plaque with a circumscribed, raised, indurated border. Formerly called St. Anthony fire. erysipelatous adj

Erysipelas with characteristic sharply defined erythema and edema.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • erysipelas — late 14c., skin disease also known as St. Anthony s Fire, from Gk. erysipelas, perhaps from erythros red + pella skin (see FILM (Cf. film)). Erythros is cognate with L. ruber, rufus, Goth. rauþs, O.E. read from the PIE root for red (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • erysipelas — [er΄i sip′ə ləs, ir΄ə sip′ə ləs] n. [ME erisipela < L erysipelas < Gr < base of erythros, RED + pelas, akin to L pellis: see FELL4] an acute infectious disease of the skin or mucous membranes caused by a streptococcus and characterized… …   English World dictionary

  • erysipelas — er y*sip e*las ([e^]r [i^]*s[i^]p [ e]*las), n. [L., fr. Gr. erysi pelas; eryqro s red + pe lla hide, skin. See {Red}, and {Pell}, n.] (Med.) St. Anthony s fire; a febrile disease accompanied with a diffused red edematous inflammation of the skin …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Erysipĕlas — (gr., Med.), die Rose, daher Erysipelatöse Entzündung, so v.w. Rosenartige Entzündung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Erysipĕlas — (griech.), soviel wie Rotlauf oder Rose (s.d.); erysipelatös, rosen oder rotlaufartig, von der Rose (Rotlauf) befallen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Erysipelas — Erysipelas, griech., wandernde Haut oder Zellgewebsentzündung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Erysipelas — Infobox Disease Name = Erysipelas Caption = Erysipelas DiseasesDB = 4428 ICD10 = ICD10|A|46|0|a|30 ICD9 = ICD9|035 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 000618 eMedicineSubj = derm eMedicineTopic = 129 MeshID = D004886Erysipelas (Greek ερυσίπελας red skin… …   Wikipedia

  • erysipelas — erysipelatous /er euh si pel euh teuhs, ear /, adj. /er euh sip euh leuhs, ear euh /, n. 1. Pathol. an acute, febrile infectious disease, caused by a specific streptococcus, characterized by diffusely spreading deep red inflammation of the skin… …   Universalium

  • Erysipelas — Ery|si|pel, das; s, e, Ery|si|pe|las, das; , …pelata [lat. erysipelas < griech. erysi̓pelas, viell. zu: erythrós = rot u. eigtl. = das die Haut Rötende] (Med.): Wundrose. * * * Ery|si|pel, das; s, e, Ery|si|pe|las, das; , ...pelata [lat.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • erysipelas — er•y•sip•e•las [[t]ˌɛr əˈsɪp ə ləs, ˌɪər ə [/t]] n. pat a deep red rash of the skin and mucous membranes accompanied by fever and pain, caused by any of a group of hemolytic streptococci • Etymology: 1350–1400; ME erisipila < L erysipelas < …   From formal English to slang

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