Ehrlichia

A genus of small, often pleomorphic, coccoid to ellipsoidal, nonmotile, Gram-negative bacteria (order Rickettsiales) that occur either singly or in compact inclusions in circulating mammalian leukocytes; species are the etiologic agents of ehrlichiosis and are transmitted by ticks. The type species is E. canis. [P. Ehrlich]
- E. canis the bacterial species causing the tick-borne disease canine ehrlichiosis in dogs (transmitted by the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus); it is the type species of the genus E.. Occasionally causes tick-borne infection in humans.
- E. chaffeensis a recently described bacterial species associated with human ehrlichiosis; infects human monocytes and is carried by the tick vector, Amblyomma americanum, the Lone Star tick.
- E. equi a bacterial species that causes human granulocytic ehrlichiosis; occurs in the Midatlantic, southern New England, and southern Midwest and is spread by ticks (Ixodes).
- E. phagocytophila a bacterial species that causes human granulocytic ehrlichiosis; also causes tick-borne fever in cattle; occurs in the Midatlantic, southern New England, and southern Midwest and is spread by ticks (Ixodes).
- E. risticii the bacterial species causing equine monocytic ehrlichiosis.
- E. sennetsu the bacterial species causing Sennetsu fever in humans. SYN: Rickettsia sennetsu.

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Ehr·lich·ia er-'lik-ē-ə n a genus of gram-negative nonmotile rickettsial bacteria that are intracellular parasites infecting the cytoplasm esp. of circulating white blood cells (as monocytes and granulocytes), that are transmitted chiefly by tick bites, and that are pathogens of animals and humans
Ehr·lich 'er-.lik Paul (1854-1915)
German chemist and bacteriologist. Ehrlich is celebrated for his pioneering research in hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy. He held a series of research positions at several institutions, including Berlin's Charité Hospital, Robert Koch's Institute for Infectious Diseases, and Frankfurt's Royal Institute for Experimental Therapy. His contributions included the invention of a new staining technique for the tuberculosis bacillus discovered by Robert Koch. The technique proved to be vitally important for the microscopic diagnosis of tuberculosis. Ehrlich is also credited with the important discovery that oxygen consumption varies with different types of tissue and that these variations constitute a measure of the intensity of vital cell processes. Perhaps his greatest achievement was his investigation into the mechanisms of bacterial infection and immunity. He developed a method for measuring the effectiveness of sera that was adopted worldwide for the standardization of diphtheria serum. His recognition of the limitations of serum therapy led to his search for synthesized substances that can kill parasites or inhibit their growth without damaging the organism. His researches marked the birth of chemotherapy. His study of the spirochete (Treponema pallidum) that causes syphilis led to his discovery of salvarsan, the first effective treatment for syphilis. With Élie Metchnikoff, he was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

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Ehr·lich·ia (ār-likґe-ə) [Paul Ehrlich] a genus of tick-borne bacteria of the family Anaplasmataceae, consisting of gram-negative, nonmotile coccoid to ellipsoidal cells; organisms are parasitic in mammalian endothelial and hematopoietic cells, occurring in cytoplasmic vacuoles and often forming inclusion bodies (morulae), and produce disease in dogs, cattle, sheep, and humans. The type species is E. caґnis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ehrlichia — Systematik Domäne: Bakterien (Bacteria) Abteilung: Proteobacteria Klasse: Alpha Proteobacteria Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia — género de bacterias gramnegativas pequeñas, esféricas o elipsoidales, no móviles. Se presentan aisladas o en las inclusiones compactas en los leucocitos circulantes de los mamíferos. Algunas especies son agentes etiológicos de ehrlichiosis y son… …   Diccionario médico

  • Ehrlichia — Mor …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ehrlichia — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Anaplasmataceae regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Alpha Proteobacteria ordo = Rickettsiales familia = Anaplasmataceae [cite book last = Garrity first = George title = Bergey s Manual of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia ruminantium — Systematik Abteilung: Proteobacteria Klasse: Alpha Proteobacteria Ordnung: Rickettsiales Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia ewingii — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Anaplasmataceae regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Alpha Proteobacteria ordo = Rickettsiales familia = Anaplasmataceae genus = Ehrlichia species = ewingiiEhrlichia ewingii is a species of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia chaffeensis — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Anaplasmataceae regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Alpha Proteobacteria ordo = Rickettsiales familia = Anaplasmataceae genus = Ehrlichia species = chaffeensisEhrlichia chaffeensis is a species of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia phagocytophila — Anaplasma phagocytophilum Systematik Abteilung: Proteobacteria Klasse: Alphaproteobacteria Ordnung: Rickettsiales …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ehrlichia canis — a species causing canine ehrlichiosis, transmitted by the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus; in humans it causes a condition similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever …   Medical dictionary

  • Ehrlichia chaffeensis — a species, transmitted by the ticks Amblyomma americanum and Dermacentor variabilis, that causes human monocytic ehrlichiosis …   Medical dictionary

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