Decortication


Decortication
Removal of part or all of the outer surface of an organ such as the lung, kidney, or brain.
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1. Removal of the cortex, or external layer, beneath the capsule from any organ or structure. 2. An operation for removal of the residual clot and/or newly organized scar tissue that form after a hemothorax or neglected empyema. [L. decortico, pp. -atus, to deprive of bark, fr. de, from, + cortex, rind, bark]
- cerebral d. destruction of the cerebral cortex, usually due to anoxia.
- reversible d. a temporary loss of function of the cerebral cortex.

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de·cor·ti·ca·tion (.)dē-.kȯrt-i-'kā-shən n the surgical removal of the cortex of an organ, an enveloping membrane, or a constrictive fibrinous covering <the \decortication of a lung>

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n.
1. the removal of the outside layer (cortex) from an organ or structure, such as the kidney.
2. an operation for removing the blood clot and scar tissue that forms after bleeding into the chest cavity (haemothorax).
3. (decapsulation) the surgical removal of a capsule from an organ; for example, the stripping of the membrane that envelops the kidney or of the inflammatory capsule that encloses a chronic abscess, as in the treatment of empyema.

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de·cor·ti·ca·tion (de-kor″tĭ-kaґshən) [de- + cortex] 1. the removal of bark, hull, husk, or shell from a plant, seed, or root, as in pharmacy. 2. removal of portions of the cortex of a structure or organ, as of the brain, kidney, or lung.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • décortication — [ dekɔrtikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1747; lat. decorticatio I ♦ Action de décortiquer, de dépouiller de son écorce. Décortication d un arbre à la raclette. II ♦ Méd. Séparation chirurgicale (d un organe) et de son enveloppe fibreuse. Décortication du cœur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Decortication — is a medical procedure involving the surgical removal of the surface layer, membrane, or fibrous cover of an organ. The procedure is usually performed when the lung is covered by a thick, inelastic pleural peel restricting lung expansion. In a… …   Wikipedia

  • Decortication — Décortication La décortication est un signe clinique souvent rencontré lors des lésions sous corticales (lésion hémisphérique ou capsulaire). Elle se traduit cliniquement par une flexion des extrémités du membre supérieur et une flexion du tronc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Decortication — De*cor ti*ca tion, n. [L. decorticatio: cf. F. d[ e]cortication.] The act of stripping off the bark, rind, hull, or outer coat. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Decortication — (v. lat.), Abschälen einer Rinde od. Schale …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Decortication — Decortication, lat., Abschälung der Rinde oder Hülfe …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • décortication — DÉCORTICATION. s. fém. Action d écorcer ou de peler des branches, des racines, des graines, etc …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Decortication — The process of stripping the woody outer bark from fibre yielding stalks such as ramie, etc …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Décortication — La décortication est un signe clinique souvent rencontré lors des lésions sous corticales (lésion hémisphérique ou capsulaire). Elle se traduit cliniquement par une flexion des extrémités du membre supérieur et une flexion du tronc. De plus, elle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • decortication — noun Etymology: Latin decortication , decorticatio, from decorticare to remove the bark from, from de + cortic , cortex bark more at cuirass Date: circa 1623 1. the act or process of removing the outer coverings (as bark or husks) from something… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • decortication — /dee kawr ti kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of decorticating. 2. Also, decortization /dee kawr teuh zay sheuhn/. Surg. the removal of the cortex, the enveloping membrane, or a fibrinous covering from an organ or structure. [1615 25; < L… …   Universalium


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