Cyto- (prefix)

Cyto- (prefix)
A prefix denoting a cell. "Cyto-" is derived from the Greek "kytos" meaning "hollow, as a cell or container." From the same root come the combining form "-cyto-" and the suffix "-cyte" which similarly denote a cell. Cyto-, -cyto- and -cyte enter into many words and terms used in medicine, including adipocyte, agranulocytosis, cytogenetics, cytokine, cytomegalovirus, cytometry, cytoplasm, cytotoxic, elliptocytosis, erythrocyte, granulocyte, histiocyte, leukocyte, lymphocyte, lymphocytosis, macrocyte, megakaryocyte, melanocyte, monocyte, oocyte, pancytopenia, phagocyte, spherocytosis, thrombocyte, and thrombocytopenia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cyt- — See cyto . * * * (cyto ) prefix denoting 1. cell(s). 2. cytoplasm …   Medical dictionary

  • Cytoplasm — All of the substance of a cell outside of the nucleus. The cytoplasm contains a number of different types organelles such as the mitochondria. Most, but not all, cells have cytoplasm. Mature sperm are essentially devoid of cytoplasm. The word… …   Medical dictionary

  • cytolysis — The dissolution of a cell. [cyto + G. lysis, loosening] * * * cy·tol·y·sis sī täl ə səs n, pl y·ses .sēz the usu. pathological dissolution or disintegration of cells cy·to·lyt·ic .sīt əl it ik adj * * * n. the breakdown of cells, particularly by… …   Medical dictionary

  • Tuberculosis treatment — Various pharmaceutical tuberculosis treatments their actions Tuberculosis treatment refers to the medical treatment of the infectious disease tuberculosis (TB). The standard short course treatment for TB is isoniazid, rifampicin (also known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Cytotoxic — Toxic to cells, cell toxic, cell killing. Any agent or process that kills cells. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are forms of cytotoxic therapy. They kill cells. The prefix cyto denotes a cell. It comes from the Greek kytos meaning hollow, as a… …   Medical dictionary

  • kinin — A substance promoting cell division. In plant systems, the prefix cyto has been added (cytokinin) to distinguish it from kinin in animal systems …   Glossary of Biotechnology

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