# distribution

**1.**The*passage*of the branches of arteries or nerves to the tissues and organs.**2.**The*area*in which the branches of an*artery*or a*nerve*terminate, or the*area*supplied by such an*artery*or*nerve*.**3.**The relative numbers of individuals in each of various categories or populations such as in different age, sex, or occupational samples. See*frequency*d..**4.**Partition.**5.**The*pattern*of occurrence of a*substance*within or between cells, tissues, organisms, or*taxa*. [L. distribuo, pp. -tributus, to distribute, fr. tribus, a*tribe*]-the*Bernoulli*d.*probability*d. associated with two mutually exclusive and exhaustive outcomes, e.g.,*death*or*survival*.-*binomial*d.**1.**a*probability*d. associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes, e.g., presence or*absence*of a*clinical**sign*.**2.**the possible array of the*number*of successes in the outcomes from a fixed*number*,*n*, of independent*Bernoulli trial*s; the probabilities associated with each constitute a*binomial**process*of*order**n*.-**chi-square d.**(ki) a*variable*is said to have a*chi-square*d. with*K*degrees of freedom if it is distributed like the sum of the squares of*K*independent*random*variables, each of which has a*normal*(*gaussian*) d. with*mean**zero*and*variance*one. The chi square d. is the*basis*for many variations of the chi-square(d)*test*, perhaps the most widely used*test*for*statistical significance*in*biology*and*medicine*.-a*countercurrent*d.*method*of*separation*of two or more substances by repeated d. between two*immiscible**liquid*phases that move past each other in opposite directions; a*form*of liquid-liquid*chromatography*.-**dermatomal d.**SYN:*dermatome*(3).-**epidemiological d.***histogram*.-**f d.**the d. of the*ratio*of two independent quantities each of which is distributed like a*variance*in normally distributed samples. So named in honor of the English statistician and*geneticist*R.A.*Fisher*.-a statistical description of raw*frequency*d.*data*in terms of the*number*or*frequency*of items characterized by each of a*series*or*range*of values of a continuous*variable*.-**lognormal d.**if a*variable*y is such that x = log y, it is said to have a lognormal d.; this is a*skew*d..-**multinomial d.***probability*d. associated with the*classification*of each of a*sample*of individuals into one of several mutually exclusive and exhaustive categories.-a*normal*d.*specific*bell-shaped*frequency*d. commonly assumed by statisticians to represent the infinite*population*of measurements from which a*sample*has been drawn; characterized by two parameters, the*mean*(x) and the*standard**deviation*(σ), in the*equation*: SYN:*gaussian*curve,*gaussian*d..-*Poisson*d.**1.**a discontinuous d. important in statistical*work*and defined by the*equation*p (x) = e^{-μ}μ^{x}/ x!, where e is the*base*of natural logarithms, x is the*sequence*of integers,*μ*is the*mean*, and x! represents the*factorial*of x.**2.**a d.*function*used to describe the occurrence of rare events, or the*sampling*d. of isolated counts in a continuum of*time*or*space*.-the d. of the*t*d.*quotient*of independent*random*variables, the numerator of which is a standardized*normal**variate*and the*denominator*the*positive*square*root*of the*quotient*of a*chi-square*distributed*variate*and its*number*of degrees of freedom.* * *

**dis·tri·bu·tion .dis-trə-'byü-shən***n*the pattern of branching and termination of a ramifying anatomical structure (as a nerve or artery)* * *

dis·tri·bu·tion (dis″trĭ-buґshən) [L.*distributio*] 1. the specific location or arrangement of continuing or successive objects or events in space or time. 2. the extent of a ramifying structure such as an artery or nerve and its branches. 3. the geographical range of an organism or disease. 4. probability d. 5. in statistics, a synonym for*law;*for entries not found here, see under*law.*

*Medical dictionary.
2011.*

**Synonyms**:

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**distribution**— [ distribysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe; lat. distributio ♦ Action de distribuer; son résultat. ⇒ partage, répartition. 1 ♦ Répartition à des personnes. Distribution de vivres, de médicaments. Distribution de prospectus, d objets publicitaires. ⇒ diffusion … Encyclopédie Universelle**distribution**— dis·tri·bu·tion /ˌdis trə byü shən/ n 1: the act or process of distributing: as a: the apportionment by a court of the property and esp. personal property of an intestate among those entitled to it according to statute compare descent, devise … Law dictionary**distribution**— DISTRIBUTION. s. f. L action de distribuer, ou l effet de cette action. Distribution du butin, Faire la distribution des procès. Distribution de deniers. Distribution des prix, Faire un état de distribution. f♛/b] On appelle en termes de Pratique … Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798**distribution**— Distribution. s. f. v. L action de distribuer. Distribution du butin. faire la distribution des procez. distribution de deniers. distribution des prix. faire un estat de distribution. On appelle en termes de pratique, Ordre de distribution, Le… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française**Distribution**— Dis tri*bu tion, n. [L. distributio: cf. F. distribution.] 1. The act of distributing or dispensing; the act of dividing or apportioning among several or many; apportionment; as, the distribution of an estate among heirs or children. [1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Distribution**— Sf Verteilung per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. distribūtio, zu l. distribuere, zu tribuere zuteilen und l. dis , zu l. tribus Bezirk . Ebenso nndl. distributie, ne. distribution, nfrz. distribution, nschw.… … Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache**distribution**— (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. distribution (13c.) and directly from L. distributionem (nom. distributio) a division, distribution, noun of action from pp. stem of distribuere deal out in portions, from dis individually + tribuere assign, allot (see… … Etymology dictionary**distribution**— Distribution, Assignatio, Distributio. La distribution des proces, Sortitio causarum, B. Faire les distributions des proces, Causas describere in classes atque in singulos inspectores, quod et Conscribere dicitur, B. Distributions qu on donne aux … Thresor de la langue françoyse**distribution**— Payments in a bankruptcy case, generally made after confirmation of a plan in a Chapter 11 filing or approval of the trustee s accounting in a Chapter 7 filing. (Bernstein s Dictionary of Bankruptcy Terminology) United Glossary of Bankruptcy… … Glossary of Bankruptcy**distribution**— [n1] allocation, dispersion administration, alloting, allotment, apportioning, apportionment, assessment, assigning, circulating, circulation, dealing, delivery, diffusion, dispensation, dispersal, disposal, disposing, dissemination, dissipating … New thesaurus**Distribution**— (vom latein. distribuere, distribuiren, vertheilen), jede Art von Vertheilung, Aus und Eintheilung … Herders Conversations-Lexikon