disaccharidases

A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of disaccharides, producing two monosaccharides.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Disaccharidase — Disaccharidases are a type of glycoside hydrolases, enzymes that break down disaccharides into monosaccharides. Examples of disaccharidases Lactase (breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose) Maltase (breaks down maltose into 2 glucoses)… …   Wikipedia

  • Saccharomyces boulardii — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Subphylum …   Wikipedia

  • Enterocyte — Enterocytes, or intestinal absorptive cells, are simple columnar epithelial cells found in the small intestines and colon. A glycocalyx surface coat contains digestive enzymes. Microvilli on the apical surface increase surface area for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Digestive enzyme — Digestive enzymes are enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body. Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tract of animals (including humans) where …   Wikipedia

  • digestive system, human — Introduction  the system used in the human body for the process of digestion. The human digestive system consists primarily of the digestive tract (alimentary canal), or the series of structures and organs through which food and liquids pass… …   Universalium

  • disaccharidase — di·sac·cha·ri·dase ( )dī sak ə rə .dās, .dāz n an enzyme (as maltase or lactase) that hydrolyzes disaccharides * * * di·sac·cha·ri·dase (di sakґə rĭ dās″) an enzyme that hydrolyzes disaccharides. In humans, the… …   Medical dictionary

  • disaccharidase deficiency — less than normal activity of disaccharidases of the intestinal mucosa. It usually denotes a generalized deficiency of all such enzymes secondary to a disorder of the small intestine, which clinically may be manifest only as a deficiency of… …   Medical dictionary

  • disaccharide intolerance — a symptom complex occurring after ingestion of normal quantities of dietary carbohydrates, characterized by abdominal symptoms including diarrhea, flatulence, borborygmus, distention, and pain; it is usually due to deficiency of one or more… …   Medical dictionary

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