Diphyllobothrium

A large genus of tapeworms (order Pseudophyllidea) characterized by a spatulate scolex with dorsal and ventral sucking grooves or bothria. Several species are found in humans, although only one, D. latum, is of widespread importance. [G. di-, two, + phyllon, leaf, + bothrion, little ditch]
- D. cordatum a species found in dogs, sea mammals, and occasionally humans, in Greenland.
- D. dendriticum adult form of the tapeworm found in the intestine of fish-eating birds; infective for humans.
- D. hians tapeworm species found in humans in Japan.
- D. houghtoni canine and feline tapeworm; found in humans in China.
- D. latum the broad or broad fish tapeworm, a species that causes diphyllobothriasis, found in humans and fish-eating mammals in many parts of northern Europe, Japan and elsewhere in Asia, and in Scandinavian populations of the American north central states; it often has 3 or 4 thousand segments, broader than long; the head has typical bothria characteristic of the genus. SYN: Dibothriocephalus latus.
- D. linguloides SYN: Spirometra mansoni.
- D. mansoni SYN: Spirometra mansoni.
- D. mansonoides SYN: Spirometra mansonoides.
- D. nihonkaiense tapeworm species closely related to D. latum; found in Japan with increasing numbers of human infections.
- D. orcini tapeworm species found in humans in Japan.
- D. pacificum tapeworm species found in sea lions; has been described as a human tapeworm acquired from marine fishes; found in Japan, Peru, and Ecuador.
- D. scoticum tapeworm species found in humans in Japan.

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Di·phyl·lo·both·ri·um -'bäth-rē-əm n a large genus of tapeworms that is the type genus of the family Diphyllobothriidae and that comprises a number of parasites of fish-eating birds and mammals including the common fish tapeworm (D. latum) of humans compare BOTHRIOCEPHALUS

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n.
a genus of large tapeworms that can grow to a length of 3-10 m. The adult of D. latum, the broad (or fish) tapeworm, infects fish-eating mammals including humans, in whom it may cause serious anaemia (see diphyllobothriasis). The parasite has two intermediate hosts: a freshwater crustacean and a fish (see also plerocercoid).

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Di·phyl·lo·both·ri·um (di-fil″o-bothґre-əm) [di- + Gr. phyllon leaf + bothrion pit] a genus of large tapeworms of the family Diphyllobothriidae; formerly called Bothriocephalus and Dibothriocephalus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diphyllobothrium — Diphyllobothrium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diphyllobothrium — Proglottids of D. latum Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Diphyllobothrium — Género de platelmintos intestinales parasitarios, de gran tamaño, cuyo éscolex tiene dos surcos en forma de ranura. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Diphyllobothrium — Diphyllobothrium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diphyllobothrium — Fischbandwurm Fischbandwurm (Diphyllobothrium latum) Systematik Klasse: Bandwürmer (Cestoda) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diphyllobothrium — Di|phyl|lo|bo|thri|um* das; s, ...rien [...iən] <aus nlat. diphyllobothrium zu gr. bothríon »kleine Grube, Vertiefung«> svw. ↑Dibothriocephalus …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Diphyllobothrium — Di|phyllo|bọ|thrium [di...,1 gr. ϕυλλον = Blatt u. gr. βοϑριον = kleine Grube, kleine Vertiefung] s; s, ...ien [...ien]: Gattung der Bandwürmer (mit zwei Sauggruben ausgestattet). Di|phyllo|bọ|thrium erina̱cei [ ...e i; lat. erinaceus = Igel]:… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • diphyllobothrium — di·phyl·lo·both·ri·um …   English syllables

  • Diphyllobothrium — n. a genus of large tapeworms that can grow to a length of 3–10 m. The adult of D. latum, the broad (or fish) tapeworm, infects fish eating mammals including humans, in whom it may cause serious anaemia (see diphyllobothriasis). The parasite has… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • diphyllobothrium — ˈbäthrēəm noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from di + phyll + bothrium : a large genus of pseudophyllidean tapeworms comprising a number of parasites of fish eating birds and mammals and including the common fish tapeworm (D. latum)… …   Useful english dictionary

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