cramp

1. A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction. 2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, qualified according to the occupation of the sufferer; e.g., seamstress's c., writer's c.. [M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]
- heat cramps muscle spasms induced by severe exertion in intense heat, accompanied by considerable pain; sometimes related to salt deficiency, hyperventilation, or overindulgence in alcohol. SYN: myalgia thermica.
- intermittent c. SYN: tetany.
- miner's cramps cramps caused by excessive salt loss through perspiration. SYN: stoker's cramps.
- musician's c. an occupational dystonia, affecting those who play on musical instruments, and named usually according to the instrument played upon.
- pianist's c., piano-player's c. an occupational dystonia affecting the muscles of the fingers and forearms in piano players.
- seamstress's c. an occupational dystonia occurring in the fingers of women who sew.
- shaving c. an occupational dystonia affecting the hands and fingers of barbers.
- stoker's cramps SYN: miner's cramps.
- tailor's c. an occupational dystonia affecting the forearms and hands of tailors.
- typist's c. an occupational dystonia affecting chiefly the long flexor muscles of the hands of typists.
- violinist's c. a occupational dystonia affecting the digits of the fingering hand, or sometimes the bowing arm, in violin players.
- waiter's c. an occupational dystonia characterized by spasm of the muscles of the back and dominant arm in persons who wait tables.
- watchmaker's c. an occupational dystonia characterized by spasm of the orbicularis palpebrarum muscle from holding the lens to the eye and spasm of the muscles of the hand from performing the delicate movements of watch repairing.
- writer's c. an occupation dystonia affecting chiefly the muscles of the thumb and two adjoining fingers of the writing hand, induced by excessive use of a writing instrument. SYN: dysgraphia (2), graphospasm, scrivener's palsy.

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cramp 'kramp n
1) a painful involuntary spasmodic contraction of a muscle <a \cramp in the leg>
2) a temporary paralysis of muscles from overuse see WRITER'S CRAMP
3 a) sharp abdominal pain usu. used in pl.
b) persistent and often intense though dull lower abdominal pain associated with dysmenorrhea usu. used in pl.
cramp vt to affect with or as if with a cramp or cramps <gout \cramping his limbs> vi to suffer from cramps

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n.
prolonged painful contraction of a muscle. It is sometimes caused by an imbalance of the salts in the body, but is more often a result of fatigue, imperfect posture, or stress. Spasm in the muscles making it impossible to perform a specific task but allowing the use of these muscles for any other movement is called occupational cramp. It most often affects the hand muscles for writing (writer's cramp), a form of dystonia.

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(kramp) a painful spasmodic muscular contraction, especially a tonic spasm.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cramp — (kr[a^]mp), n. [OE. crampe, craumpe; akin to D. & Sw. kramp, Dan. krampe, G. krampf (whence F. crampe), Icel. krappr strait, narrow, and to E. crimp, crumple; cf. cram. See {Grape}.] 1. That which confines or contracts; a restraint; a shackle; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cramp — Cramp, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cramped} (kr[a^]mt; 215); p. pr. & vb. n. {Cramping}.] 1. To compress; to restrain from free action; to confine and contract; to hinder. [1913 Webster] The mind my be as much cramped by too much knowledge as by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cramp — cramp; cramp·er; cramp·ette; cramp·ing·ly; cramp·it; cramp·et; …   English syllables

  • cramp — ► NOUN 1) painful involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles. 2) a tool for clamping two objects together. 3) (also cramp iron) a metal bar with bent ends for holding masonry together. ► VERB 1) restrict or inhibit the development of. 2)… …   English terms dictionary

  • cramp — cramp1 [kramp] n. [ME crampe < OFr, bent, twisted < Frank * kramp; akin to MDu & MLowG krampe: for IE base see CRADLE] 1. a sudden, painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles from chill, strain, etc. 2. partial local paralysis …   English World dictionary

  • Cramp — Cramp, a. [See {Cramp}, n.] Knotty; difficult. [R.] [1913 Webster] Care being taken not to add any of the cramp reasons for this opinion. Coleridge. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cramp — (Ильназ Тарханов) (Anjunabeats, Conspiracy Recordings, UK; Armada, NL) Казанский музыкант и ди джей, 1/2 проекта Neoblizz и Ultrashockers (релизы на DeepBlue Reords, UK; Flashover Recordings, NL) Треки Ильназа регулярно поддерживаются топовыми ди …   Википедия

  • cramp — [n] muscle spasm ache, charley horse*, circumscription, confinement, constipation, contraction, convulsion, crick, hindrance, impediment, kink, obstruction, pain, pang, restriction, shooting pain, stiffness, stitch, stricture, twinge; concepts… …   New thesaurus

  • cramp — index block, constrict (compress), deter, disadvantage, encumber (hinder), hamper, hinder …   Law dictionary

  • Cramp & Co. — Not to be confused with William Cramp Sons. Cramp Co. was a building company in Philadelphia. Many of its works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. It worked sometimes in conjunction with architect Henry deCourcy Richards …   Wikipedia

  • cramp — cramp1 /kramp/, n. 1. Often, cramps. a. a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, esp. of the extremities, sometimes with severe pain. b. a piercing pain in the abdomen. c. an intermittent, painful contraction… …   Universalium

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