coulomb

The unit of electrical charge, equal to 3 × 109 electrostatic units; the quantity of electricity delivered by a current of 1 A in 1 s equal to 1/96,485 faraday. [CA de C., Fr. physicist, 1736–1806]

* * *

cou·lomb 'kü-.läm, -.lōm, kü-' n the practical mks unit of electric charge equal to the quantity of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in one second
Cou·lomb ku̇-lōn Charles-Augustin de (1736-1806)
French physicist. A pioneer in electrical theory, Coulomb is known for his formulation of the law (now identified with him) in physics regarding the force between two electrical charges. He also established that the attraction and repulsion of unlike and like magnetic poles varies inversely as the square of the distance between them. In the course of his career Coulomb did research on friction as applied to machinery, on windmills, and on the elasticity of metal and silk fibers. The electrical unit of measure was named in his honor in 1881 by the Paris Congress on electricity.

* * *

n.
the SI units of electric charge, equal to the quantity of electricity transferred by 1 ampere in 1 second. Symbol: C.

* * *

cou·lomb (C) (kooґlom) [Charles Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist, 1736–1806] the SI unit of electric charge, defined as the charge carried across a surface by a steady current of 1 ampere in 1 second; it is equivalent to 6.25 Ч 1018 electrons.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • COULOMB (C. A.) — Charles Augustin Coulomb est l’une des personnalités les plus marquantes de l’histoire des sciences et des techniques. Ses travaux ont contribué à une meilleure connaissance des phénomènes de l’électricité, du magnétisme et de la mécanique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • coulomb — [ kulɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1881; de Coulomb, n. pr. ♦ Phys. Unité de mesure de quantité d électricité et de charge électrique égale à la quantité d électricité transportée en une seconde par un courant de un ampère (symb. C). Coulomb par kilogramme :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • coulomb — COULÓMB, coulombi, s.m. Unitate de măsură pentru sarcina electrică, egală cu cantitatea de electricitate care traversează într o secundă secţiunea unui conductor străbătut de un curent electric constant de 1 amper. [pr.: culómb] – Din fr. coulomb …   Dicționar Român

  • Coulomb —    , COULOMB S LAW    Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736 1806), born into a French noble family, had available all the advantages for a good education. He attended the engineering school at Mezieres, the first school of its kind, where he showed a …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Coulomb — Cou lomb (k?? l?n ), n. [From Coulomb, a French physicist and electrican.] (Physics) The standard unit of quantity in electrical measurements. It is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by the current produced by an electro motive… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coulomb — 1881, named for French chemist Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736 1806), who devised a method of measuring electrical quantity. It is the quantity of electricity conveyed in 1 second by a current of 1 ampere. The name is a French form of Columbus …   Etymology dictionary

  • coulomb — (De Ch. de Coulomb, 1736 1806, físico francés). m. Fís. culombio …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • coulomb — ► NOUN Physics ▪ the unit of electric charge in the SI system, equal to the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by a current of one ampere. ORIGIN named after the French military engineer Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736 1806) …   English terms dictionary

  • coulomb — [ko͞o′läm΄, ko͞o′lōm΄] n. [after C. A. de Coulomb (1736 1806), Fr physicist] the basic unit of electric charge in the SI and MKS systems, equal to the charge of 6.281 × 1018 electrons; the charge carried by a current of one ampere in one second… …   English World dictionary

  • Coulomb — (spr. Kulong), Charles Augustin de C., geb. 1736 in Angouleme; war Offizier des königlichen Geniecorps u. ging nach Martinique; nach seiner Rückkehr nach Europa um 1776 in Rochefort angestellt, wurde er, da er gegen das Project der Minister war,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Coulomb [1] — Coulomb (C. Sekunden Ampere, Amperesekunde), Einheit der Elektrizitätsmenge, die Elektrizitätsmenge, die bei 1 Ampere in 1 Sekunde durch den Querschnitt der Leitung fließt. S. Elektrische Maßeinheiten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.