Compression fracture


Compression fracture
A fracture caused by compression, the act of pressing together. Compression fractures of the vertebrae are especially common in the elderly. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congenital disease of bone such as osteogenesis imperfecta ("brittle bone disease"). Fractures are classified by their character and location. Examples of classification include "compression fracture of the vertebrae," "transverse fracture of the humerus," "spiral fracture of the femur," "greenstick fracture of the radius," "impacted fracture of the humerus," "linear fracture of the ulna," "oblique fracture of the metatarsal," and "depressed fracture of the skull."

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compression fracture n fracture (as of a vertebra) caused by compression of one bone against another

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a fracture produced by compression, as of a vertebra; see also axial compression f.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Compression fracture — Classification and external resources Compression fracture of the fourth lumbar vertebra post falling from a height. ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • compression fracture — noun Any fracture of a bone (most often a load bearing bone such as a vertebra) caused by compression …   Wiktionary

  • compression fracture — noun fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae) • Hypernyms: ↑fracture, ↑break …   Useful english dictionary

  • wedge-compression fracture — compression fracture of only the anterior part of a vertebra, leaving a wedge shaped vertebra …   Medical dictionary

  • axial compression fracture — fracture of a vertebra by excessive vertical force, so that pieces of it move out in horizontal directions, often injuring the spinal cord; it usually occurs in the thoracic or lumbar region as a result of flexion. Called also burst f …   Medical dictionary

  • Vertebral compression fracture — A fracture that collapses a spinal vertebra as a result of the compression of bone, leading to collapse of the vertebrae much like a sponge collapses under the pressure of one s hand. Although they may occur without pain, such vertebral fractures …   Medical dictionary

  • Fracture, compression — A fracture caused by compression, the act of pressing together. Compression fractures of the vertebrae are especially common in the elderly. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an… …   Medical dictionary

  • Fracture, compound — A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called an open fracture. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or… …   Medical dictionary

  • Fracture, greenstick — A fracture in which one side of a bone is broken while the other is bent (like a green stick). A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or… …   Medical dictionary

  • Fracture, open — A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called a compound fracture. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or… …   Medical dictionary


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