compensation

1. A process in which a tendency for a change in a given direction is counteracted by another change so that the original change is not evident. 2. An unconscious mechanism by which one tries to make up for fancied or real deficiencies. [L. com-penso, pp. -atus, to weigh together, counterbalance]
- attenuation c. SYN: time-gain c..
- depth c. SYN: time-gain c..
- gene dosage c. the putative mechanism that adjusts the X-linked phenotypes of males and females to compensate for the haploid state in males and the diploid state in females. It is now largely ascribed to lyonization which compensates the mean of the dose but not its variance, which is greater in females.
- time-gain c. (TGC) in ultrasonography, an increase in receiver gain with time to compensate for loss in echo amplitude with depth, usually due to attenuation. SYN: attenuation c., depth c., time c. gain, time-compensated gain, time-varied gain control, time-varied gain.

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com·pen·sa·tion .käm-pən-'sā-shən, -.pen- n
1) correction of an organic defect by excessive development or by increased functioning of another organ or unimpaired parts of the same organ <cardiac \compensation> see DECOMPENSATION
2) a psychological mechanism by which feelings of inferiority, frustration, or failure in one field are counterbalanced by achievement in another

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n.
the act of making up for a functional or structural deficiency. For example, compensation for the loss of a diseased kidney is brought about by an increase in size of the remaining kidney, so restoring the urine-producing capacity.

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com·pen·sa·tion (kom″pən-saґshən) [L. compensatio, from cum together + pensare to weigh] 1. the counterbalancing of any defect of structure or function. 2. a conscious process or, more frequently, an unconscious defense mechanism by which a person attempts to make up for real or imagined physical or psychological deficiencies. 3. in the presence of disease, the maintenance of an adequate blood flow without distressing symptoms, accomplished by such cardiac and circulatory adjustments as tachycardia, cardiac hypertrophy or dilation, and increase of blood volume by sodium and water retention.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • compensation — [ kɔ̃pɑ̃sasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1290; lat. compensatio, de compensare 1 ♦ Avantage qui compense (un désavantage). Compensation reçue pour des services rendus, des dommages. ⇒ indemnité; dédommagement, réparation, soulte. « Une augmentation de cent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • compensation — com·pen·sa·tion /ˌkäm pən sā shən/ n 1: the act of compensating 2 in the civil law of Louisiana: the ending of mutual obligations between two people for money or quantities of fungible things usu. by operation of law but sometimes by an agreement …   Law dictionary

  • Compensation — • Denotes the price paid for human exertion or labour Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Compensation     Compensation     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • compensation — COMPENSATION. s. f. Estimation par laquelle on compense une chose avec une autre. Juste compensation. Compensation équitable. Faire compensation. Compensation de dépens. Il eut tant par compensation. C est une maxime de Droit, que compensation n… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Compensation — can refer to: Financial compensation, various meanings Compensation (chess), various advantages a player has in exchange for a disadvantage Compensation (engineering) Compensation (essay), by Ralph Waldo Emerson Compensation (film), a 2000 film… …   Wikipedia

  • compensation — Compensation. subst. f. v. Estimation par laquelle on compense une chose avec une autre. Juste compensation. compensation équitable. faire compensation. compensation de despens. il eut tant pour la compensation, C est une maxime du Palais, que… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Compensation — Com pen*sa tion, n. [L. compensatio a weighing, a balancing of accounts.] 1. The act or principle of compensating. Emerson. [1913 Webster] 2. That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Compensation — (v. lat. Compensatio, Abrechnung), 1) Zahlung einer Schuld durch Abrechnung einer Gegenforderung an den Gläubiger. Sie wird häufig als Einrede gegen die Klage des Gläubigers geltend gemacht, daher Exceptio compensationis. Erfordert wird, daß… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • compensation — compensation. См. компенсация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • compensation — late 14c., action of compensating, from L. compensationem (nom. compensatio) a weighing one thing against another, a balancing, noun of action from compensare (see COMPENSATE (Cf. compensate)). Meaning what is given in recompense is from c.1600;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • compensation — [n] repayment; rectification advantage, allowance, amends, atonement, benefit, bonus, bread*, consideration, counterclaim, coverage, damages, defrayal, deserts*, earnings, fee*, gain, honorarium, indemnification, indemnity, meet, pay, payment,… …   New thesaurus

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