nucleic acid test

any of various tests that use molecular biology techniques to detect and identify microorganisms, including viruses, on the basis of their nucleic acids. It includes culture confirmation tests, which identify organisms grown in culture, and direct tests, which can identify the organisms directly in a specimen. Direct tests can be further subdivided on the basis of whether their target nucleic acids are nonamplified or amplified for the test; the former are based on identification of a unique target sequence using a labeled probe; the latter are classified as nucleic acid amplification tests (q.v.).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nucleic acid test — A nucleic acid test, often called a NAT test, (or nucleic acid amplification test NAAT ) is a biochemical technique used to detect a virus or a bacterium. These tests were developed to shorten the window period, a time between when a patient has… …   Wikipedia

  • nucleic acid amplification test — (NAAT) any nucleic acid test (q.v.) that uses nucleic acid amplification techniques in a direct test for the presence of a specific pathogen in a sample; such tests do not depend on the production of antibody by the pathogen, and can be rapid,… …   Medical dictionary

  • nucleic acid — /nooh klee ik, klay , nyooh /, Biochem. any of a group of long, linear macromolecules, either DNA or various types of RNA, that carry genetic information directing all cellular functions: composed of linked nucleotides. [1890 95; NUCLE(US) + IC;… …   Universalium

  • Nucleic acid quantitation — In molecular biology, quantitation of nucleic acids is commonly performed to determine the average concentrations of DNA or RNA present in a mixture, as well as their purity. Reactions that use nucleic acids often require particular amounts and… …   Wikipedia

  • Nucleic acid sequence — A series of codons in part of a mRNA molecule. Each codon consists of three nucleotides, usually representing a single amino acid. The sequence or primary structure of a nucleic acid is the composition of atoms that make up the nucleic acid and… …   Wikipedia

  • nucleic acid amplification technique — any of various in vitro methods by which a DNA or RNA sequence is amplified, making it more readily detectable for various procedures or tests. The original, and still most commonly used, is the polymerase chain reaction. See also under test …   Medical dictionary

  • Test de dispersión de la cromatina espermática — Este artículo o sección necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 16 de julio de 2011. También puedes ayudar wikific …   Wikipedia Español

  • HIV test — Randall L. Tobias, former U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, being publicly tested for HIV in Ethiopia in an effort to reduce the stigma of being tested.[1] HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus …   Wikipedia

  • Nuclein Acid Amplification Test Technology — Nucleic Acid Amplification Test Technology (NAAT) steht in der Medizin für eine Gruppe von Verfahren, bei denen Nukleinsäuren vervielfältigt werden, so dass auch geringe Mengen nachweisbar werden. Das bekannteste Verfahren ist die Polymerase… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quantification of nucleic acids — is commonly used in molecular biology to determine the concentrations of DNA or RNA present in a mixture, as subsequent reactions or protocols using a nucleic acid sample often require particular amounts for optimum performance. There exist… …   Wikipedia

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