- Cloning, therapeutic
- A procedure in which cells, typically skin cells, are taken from a patient and inserted into a fertilized egg whose nucleus has been removed. The cell that is so created is permitted to divide repeatedly to form a blastocyst. Scientists then extract stem cells from it, and use those cells to grow tissue that are a perfect genetic match for the patient. The cells created by therapeutic cloning can potentially be transplanted into the patient to treat a disease from which the patient suffers. Therapeutic cloning has been the subject of some bioethical controversy.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Cloning — For the cloning of human beings, see Human cloning. For other uses, see Cloning (disambiguation). The sea anemone, Anthopleura elegantissima in process of cloning Cloning in biology is the process of producing similar populations of … Wikipedia
therapeutic cloning — noun nuclear transplantation of a patient s own cells to make an oocyte from which immune compatible cells (especially stem cells) can be derived for transplant • Syn: ↑biomedical cloning • Hypernyms: ↑somatic cell nuclear transplantation,… … Useful english dictionary
cloning — noun a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell) • Hypernyms: ↑biological research • Hyponyms: ↑reproductive cloning, ↑therapeutic cloning, ↑biomedical cloning * * * /kloh… … Useful english dictionary
Therapeutic cloning — A procedure in which cells, typically skin cells, are taken from a patient and inserted into a fertilized egg whose nucleus has been removed. The cell that is so created is permitted to divide repeatedly to form a blastocyst. Scientists then… … Medical dictionary
therapeutic cloning — /θɛrəpjutɪk ˈkloʊnɪŋ/ (say theruhpyoohtik klohning) noun the cloning of human tissue or organs as replacements for damaged or diseased tissue or organs … Australian English dictionary
therapeutic cloning — UK / US noun [uncountable] science the process of creating new organs or other body parts that a patient s body will accept because they are made from cells that contain their own dna … English dictionary
therapeutic cloning — The potential use of stem cells to grow, in vitro, tissue or organs for use in transplantation. Because these cells would be obtained from, and would therefore be genetically identical to the patient s own cells, problems of transplant rejection… … Glossary of Biotechnology
Human cloning — is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human. It does not usually refer to monozygotic multiple births nor the reproduction of human cells or tissue. The ethics of cloning is an extremely controversial issue. The term is generally… … Wikipedia
Ethics of cloning — In bioethics, the ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning, especially human cloning. While many of these views are religious in origin, the questions raised by cloning are… … Wikipedia
Molecular cloning — refers to a set of experimental methods in molecular biology that are used to assemble recombinant DNA molecules and to direct their replication within host organisms. The use of the word cloning refers to the fact that the method involves the … Wikipedia