chondroitin

A (muco)polysaccharide (proteoglycan) composed of alternating residues of β-d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine sulfate in alternating β(1-3) and β(1-4) linkages; present among the ground substance materials in the extracellular matrix of connective tissue.
- c. sulfate A c. with sulfuric residues esterifying the 4-hydroxyl groups of the galactosamine residues; found in connective tissue.
- c. sulfate B SYN: dermatan sulfate.
- c. sulfate C c. with sulfuric residues esterifying the 6-hydroxyl groups of the galactosamine residues.

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chon·droi·tin kän-'drȯit-ən, -'drō-ət-ən n any of several glycosaminoglycans occurring in sulfated form in various tissues (as cartilage and tendons)

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chondroitin — is a chondrin derivative.[1] Types include: Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate References ^ MeSH Chondroitin …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin — Strukturformel Chondroitinsulfat C Allgemeines Name Chondroitin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chondroitin — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary chondroitic acid, an acid found in cartilage + 1 in Date: 1895 any of several glycosaminoglycans occurring in sulfated form in various animal tissues (as cartilage) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chondroitin — noun Any of a range of mucopolysaccharides, derived from galactosamine and glucuronic acid, that occur in cartilage and bone …   Wiktionary

  • chondroitin — [kɒn drəʊɪtɪn] noun Biochemistry a substance which is the major constituent of cartilage and other connective tissue …   English new terms dictionary

  • chondroitin — chon·dro·i·tin …   English syllables

  • chondroitin — känˈdrōətə̇n noun ( s) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary chondroitic + in; originally formed in German : a gummy nitrogenous polysaccharide acid occurring as chondroitinsulfuric acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase — Identifiers EC number 2.8.2.5 CAS number 83589 04 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin-sulfate-ABC exolyase — Identifiers EC number 4.2.2.21 Databases IntEnz IntEnz view …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase — Identifiers EC number 2.8.2.17 CAS number 83589 04 2 …   Wikipedia

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