cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder. [chole- + G. kystis, bladder, + -itis, inflammation]
- chronic c. chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, usually secondary to lithiasis, with lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis that may produce marked thickening of the wall.
- emphysematous c. c. due to infection with gas-producing bacteria, giving rise to gas in the gallbladder.
- xanthogranulomatous c. chronic c. with conspicuous nodular infiltration by lipid macrophages; may be associated with biliary obstruction by calculi.

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cho·le·cys·ti·tis -(.)sis-'tīt-əs n, pl -tit·i·des -'tit-ə-.dēz inflammation of the gallbladder

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n.
inflammation of the gall bladder. Acute cholecystitis is due to bacterial infection, causing fever and acute pain over the gall bladder. It is usually treated by rest and antibiotics. Chronic cholecystitis is often associated with gallstone and causes recurrent episodes of upper abdominal pain. It is also associated with cholecystitis glandularis proliferans - thickening of the gall-bladder wall and epithelial changes (crypt formation, hypertrophy). Recurrent bacterial infection may be the cause of chronic cholecystitis, but the physical processes leading to gallstone formation may also be important. It may require treatment by cholecystectomy. See also cholesterosis, Murphy's sign.

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cho·le·cys·ti·tis (ko″lə-sis-tiґtis) [cholecyst- + -itis] inflammation of the gallbladder; see calculous c. and acalculous c. Some types are named for other characteristics and may be either calculous or acalculous.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cholecystitis — Classification and external resources Micrograph of a gallbladder with cholecystitis and cholesterolosis. ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Cholecystitis — vgl. Cholezystitis …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • cholecystitis — [kä΄lə sis tīt′is, kō΄ləsis tīt′is] n. pl. cholecystitides [käl΄ə sistit′i dēz΄] an infection or inflammation of the gallbladder …   English World dictionary

  • cholecystitis — n. inflammation of the gall bladder. Acute cholecystitis is due to bacterial infection, causing fever and acute pain over the gall bladder. It is usually treated by rest and antibiotics. Chronic cholecystitis is often associated with gallstones… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • cholecystitis — /koh leuh si stuy tis, kol euh /, n. Pathol. inflammation of the gallbladder. [1865 70; CHOLE + CYSTITIS] * * * ▪ pathology  acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, in most instances associated with the presence of gallstones… …   Universalium

  • cholecystitis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from cholecystis Date: 1866 inflammation of the gallbladder …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cholecystitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 K81. Cholezystitis K80.0 Gallenblasenstein mit akuter Cholezystitis K80.1 Gallenblas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cholecystitis — Inflammatory condition of the wall of the gallbladder caused by Salmonella typhi …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • cholecystitis — noun An inflammation of the gallbladder …   Wiktionary

  • cholecystitis — n. inflammation of the gallbladder (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

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