Chyle


Chyle
A fluid consisting of a mixture of lymphatic fluid (lymph) and chylomicrons that has a milky appearance. Chylomicrons are small fat globules composed of protein and lipid (fat) which are combined in the lining of the intestine. Chylomicrons are found in the blood and in lymphatic fluid where they serve to transport fat from its port of entry in the intestine to the liver and to adipose (fat) tissue.
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A turbid white or pale yellow fluid taken up by the lacteals from the intestine during digestion and carried by the lymphatic system via the thoracic duct into the circulation. The milky appearance is due to chylomicrons in the lymph. [G. chylos, juice]

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chyle 'kī(ə)l n lymph that is milky from emulsified fats, characteristically present in the lacteals, and most apparent during intestinal absorption of fats

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n.
an alkaline milky liquid found within the lacteal after a period of absorption. It consists of lymph with a suspension of minute droplets of digested fats, which have been absorbed from the small intestine. It is transported in the lymphatic system to the thoracic duct. See also ascites.

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(kīl) [G. chylos juice] 1. the milky fluid taken up by the lacteals from the food in the intestine during digestion, consisting of lymph and droplets of triglyceride fat (chylomicrons) in a stable emulsion. It passes into the veins by the thoracic duct, becoming mixed with the blood. 2. turbid, milky fluid resembling that produced during digestion. chylous adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chyle — chyle …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • chyle — [ ʃil ] n. m. • chile fin XIVe; lat. méd. chylus, gr. khulos « suc » ♦ Physiol. Liquide d aspect laiteux résultant de la transformation dans l intestin des aliments mélangés aux sucs digestifs, qui est absorbé par les vaisseaux lymphatiques (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chyle — (from the Greek word chylos, meaning juice[1]) is a milky bodily fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats, or free fatty acids (FFAs). It is formed in the small intestine during digestion of fatty foods, and taken up by lymph vessels… …   Wikipedia

  • Chyle — Chyle, n. [NL. chylus, Gr. ? juice, chyle, fr. ? to pour: cf. F. chyle; prob. akin to E. fuse to melt.] (Physiol.) A milky fluid containing the fatty matter of the food in a state of emulsion, or fine mechanical division; formed from chyme by the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chyle — CHYLE. s. mas. Suc blanc qui se forme de la partie la plus subtile des alimens digérés. Les alimens se tournent en chyle …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • chyle — CHYLE. s. m. Suc blanc qui est fait des viandes digerées. Les aliments se tournent en chyle …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • chyle — [kīl] n. [LL chylus < Gr chylos, juice, humor, chyle < cheein, to pour: see FOUND3] a milky fluid composed of lymph and emulsified fats: it is formed from chyme in the small intestine, is absorbed by the lacteals, and is passed into the… …   English World dictionary

  • chyle — 1540s, from L.L. chylus, from Gk. khylos juice (of plants, animals, etc.), from stem of khein to pour, gush forth, from PIE *ghus mo , from root *gheu to pour, pour a libation …   Etymology dictionary

  • chyle — ► NOUN Physiology ▪ a milky fluid which drains from the small intestine into the lymphatic system during digestion. DERIVATIVES chylous adjective. ORIGIN Greek kh los juice …   English terms dictionary

  • chyle — (chi l ) s. m. Terme de physiologie. Fluide qui, dans les intestins grêles, est séparé des aliments pendant l acte de la digestion, et que les vaisseaux dits chylifères pompent à la surface de l intestin, et portent dans le sang pour servir à sa… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • chyle —   n. milky fat containing fluid secreted into blood by lactic vessels in small intestine.    ♦ chylaceous, a.    ♦ chylific, a. producing chyle.    ♦ chyliform, a. like chyle.    ♦ chylocauly, n. Botany, possession of fleshy leaves.    ♦… …   Dictionary of difficult words


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