carcinogen

Any cancer-producing substance or organism, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or agents such as in certain types of irradiation. [carcino- + G, -gen, producing]
- complete c. a chemical c. that is able to induce cancer without provocation by a tumor-promoting agent introduced during therapy.

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car·cin·o·gen kär-'sin-ə-jən, 'kärs-ən-ə-.jen n a substance or agent causing cancer

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n.
any substance that, when exposed to living tissue, may cause the production of cancer. Known carcinogens include ionizing radiation and many chemicals, e.g. those found in cigarette smoke and those produced in certain industries. They cause damage to the DNA of cells that may persist if the cell divides before the damage is repaired. Damaged cells may subsequently develop into a cancer (see carcinogenesis). An inherent susceptibility to cancer may be necessary for a carcinogen to promote the development of cancer. See also oncogenic.
carcinogenic adj.

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car·cin·o·gen (kahr-sinґə-jen) any cancer-producing substance; often a distinction is made between epigenetic and genotoxic carcinogens.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carcinogen — CARCINOGÉN, Ă, carcinogeni, e, adj. (med.) Cancerigen. – Din fr. carcinogène. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  carcinogén adj. m., pl. carcinogéni; f. sg. carcinogénă …   Dicționar Român

  • carcinogen — car*cin o*gen (k[aum]r*s[i^]n [ o]*j[e^]n), n. Any substance that produces cancer; as, to test for carcinogens in the drinking water. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carcinogen — carcinogen. См. канцероген. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • carcinogen — cancer causing substance, 1853, from CARCINOMA (Cf. carcinoma) + GEN (Cf. gen) …   Etymology dictionary

  • carcinogen — [n] cancer causing agent deadly chemical, health hazard, killer*, mutagen, poison, toxin; concept 675 …   New thesaurus

  • carcinogen — ► NOUN ▪ a substance capable of causing cancer. DERIVATIVES carcinogenic adjective. ORIGIN from CARCINOMA(Cf. ↑carcinomatous) …   English terms dictionary

  • carcinogen — [kär sin′ə jən, kär′sin′əjen΄; kär′sə nəjen] n. [< CARCINOMA + GEN] any substance that produces cancer carcinogenic [kär΄sə nō jen′ik] adj. carcinogenesis [kär΄sə nōjen′ə sis] n. carcinogenicity [kär′sə nōjə nis′ə tē] …   English World dictionary

  • Carcinogen — The term carcinogen refers to any substance, radionuclide or radiation that is an agent directly involved in the promotion of cancer or in the fatation of its propagation. This may be due to ability to damage the genome or to the disruption of… …   Wikipedia

  • Carcinogen — Krebserzeugend am Menschen Krebserzeugend am Tier Giftig (T) Umweltgefährlich (N) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carcinogen — UK [kɑː(r)ˈsɪnədʒ(ə)n] / US [kɑrˈsɪnədʒən] / US [ˈkɑrs(ə)nəˌdʒen] noun [countable] Word forms carcinogen : singular carcinogen plural carcinogens medical a substance that can cause cancer …   English dictionary

  • carcinogen — carcinogenic /kahr seuh neuh jen ik, noh /, adj. carcinogenicity /kahr seuh noh jeuh nis i tee/, n. /kahr sin euh jeuhn, jen , kahr seuh neuh jen , noh /, n. Pathol. any substance or agent that tends to produce a cancer. [1935 40; CARCINO + GEN]… …   Universalium

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