- L cells in response to ingestion of nutrients, especially carbohydrates and fat-rich meals. GLP-1 inhibits gastric emptying, food intake, and glucagon secretion and stimulates insulin secretion and pancreatic islet proliferation; GLP-2 inhibits antral motility and gastric acid secretion, induces crypt cell proliferation, enhances intestinal epithelial barrier function, stimulates intestinal hexose transport, and inhibits short-term control of food intake.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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