paralogous

pa·ral·o·gous (pə-ralґə-gəs) [para- + homologous] related by phylogenetic descent and diverging after duplication within a species; see under gene.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • paralogous — adjective a) (of multiple genes at different chromosomal locations in the same organism) Having a similar structure indicating divergence from a common ancestral gene b) (metaphorical) Having a similar structure, quality or nature indicating …   Wiktionary

  • paralogous — Homologous genes/gene products that have duplicated and evolved divergently within a species. e.g. beta and gamma globulin genes …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • paralogous — paralˈogous adjective • • • Main Entry: ↑paralogue …   Useful english dictionary

  • paralogous genes — Genes that result from duplication of existing genes and then divergence of function contrast with orthologous genes …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • paralogous genes — genes in a single species that have similar DNA sequences and encode proteins with similar or related functions; they are likely to have originated from a single ancestral gene, diverging after duplication, e.g., the genes encoding α and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Homology (biology) — For use of the term homologous in reference to chromosomes, see Homologous chromosomes. The principle of homology: The biological derivation relationship (shown by colors) of the various bones in the forelimbs of four vertebrates is known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyploid — This image shows haploid (single), diploid (double), triploid (triple), and tetraploid (quadruple) sets of chromosomes. Triploid and tetraploid chromosomes are examples of polyploidy. Polyploid is a term used to describe cells and organisms… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyploidy — occurs in cells and organisms when there are more than two homologous sets of chromosomes.Most organisms are normally diploid; polyploidy may occur due to abnormal cell division. It is most commonly found in plants. Haploidy may also occur as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Regional specification — In the field of developmental biology, regional specification is the process by which different areas are identified in the development of the early embryo. The process by which the cells become specified differs between organisms. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • CCL4L1 — Chemokine (C C motif) ligand 4 like 1, also known as CCL4L1, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: CCL4L1 chemokine (C C motif) ligand 4 like 1| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView… …   Wikipedia

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