brucine

An alkaloid from Strychnos nux-vomica and S. ignatii (family Loganiaceae), that produces paralysis of sensory nerves and peripheral motor nerves; the convulsive action which is characteristic of strychnine is almost entirely absent; formerly used as a local anodyne and tonic. [fr. Brucea sp., a shrub, after James Bruce, Scottish explorer, †1794]

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bru·cine 'brü-.sēn n a poisonous alkaloid C23H26N2O4 found with strychnine esp. in nux vomica
Bruce 'brüs James (1730-1794)
British explorer. Bruce is famous primarily for his journey in 1768-1773 to the source of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. In the course of his travels he encountered a new tree (Brucea antidysenterica) and introduced the seeds to Great Britain. In 1779 the genus containing this tree was named in his honor. In 1819 a new alkaloid was isolated from a sample of bark erroneously thought to be from this tree. The alkaloid was called brucine after the botanist although it was later discovered that the bark was actually from the nux vomica.

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bru·cine (brooґsēn) [from Brucea, a genus of shrubs named for J. Bruce, Scottish explorer, 1730–1794] a poisonous alkaloid, from Strychnos ignatii and S. nux-vomica, which resembles strychnine in its action, but is less poisonous. One of the principal constituents of nux vomica and ignatia, it was formerly used in the same manner as strychnine (q.v.).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brucine — Structure Général Synonymes 2,3 diméthoxy strychnine No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • brucine — [ brysin ] n. f. • 1819; du lat. brucea, anc. nom d un arbuste abyssin découvert par J. Bruce ♦ Biochim. Alcaloïde voisin de la strychnine, extrait de la noix vomique. ● brucine nom féminin (de J. Bruce, nom propre) Alcaloïde extrait de la noix… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brucine — Bru cine, n. [Cf. F. brucine, fr. James Bruce, a Scottish traveler.] (Chem.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, found, associated with strychnine, in the seeds of different species of {Strychnos}, especially in the {Nux vomica}. It is less powerful… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brucine — [bro͞o′sēn΄, bro͞o′sin] n. [after J. Bruce (1730 94), Scot explorer] a bitter, poisonous alkaloid, C23H26N2O4, found in seeds of nux vomica and other related plants: used as a lubricant additive and, in medicine, as a local anesthetic …   English World dictionary

  • Brucine — Chembox new ImageFile=brucine.svg ImageSize=200px IUPACName= OtherNames=2,3 Dimethoxystrychnine 10,11 Dimethoxystrychnine Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=357 57 3 PubChem=442021 SMILES=COC1=C(C=C2C(=C1) [C@] 34C CN5 [C@H] 3C [C@@H] 6 [C@@H] 7 …   Wikipedia

  • brucine — (bru si n ) s. f. Terme de chimie. Nom d un alcaloïde qu on nomme présentement vomicine (voy. vomicine). ÉTYMOLOGIE    Brucée (brucea antidysenterica), d où on croyait à tort que provenait la fausse angusture, qui fournit la brucine …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • brucine — brucinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė C₂₃H₂₆N₂O₄ atitikmenys: angl. brucine rus. бруцин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2,3 dimetoksistrichninas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • brucine — noun Etymology: probably from French, from New Latin Brucea, genus name of Brucea antidysenterica, a shrub Date: 1823 a poisonous alkaloid C23H26N2O4 found with strychnine especially in nux vomica …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • brucine — /brooh seen, sin/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, bitter, slightly water soluble, very poisonous alkaloid, C23H26N2O4, obtained from the nux vomica tree Strychnos nux vomica, and from other species of the same genus, resembling but not as… …   Universalium

  • brucine — noun An alkaloid, related to strychnine, found in nux vomica …   Wiktionary

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