bioluminescence


bioluminescence
1. Light produced by certain organisms from the oxidation of luciferins through the action of luciferases and with negligible production of heat, chemical energy being converted directly into light energy. SYN: cold light (1). 2. Any light produced by a living organism. [bio- + L. lumen (-inis), light]

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bio·lu·mi·nes·cence .bī-ō-.lü-mə-'nes-ən(t)s n the emission of light from living organisms also the light so produced
bio·lu·mi·nes·cent -ənt adj

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bio·lu·mi·nes·cence (bi″o-loo″mĭ-nesґəns) chemoluminescence occurring in living cells, especially the emission of light as a result of cellular oxidation of a heat-stable substrate (luciferin) in the presence of a heat-sensitive enzyme (luciferase).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bioluminescence — [ bjolyminesɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1905; de bio et luminescence ♦ Sc. Production de lumière par un être vivant, due à une réaction biochimique. La bioluminescence des lucioles, des lampyres. ⇒ fluorescence, phosphorescence. Adj. BIOLUMINESCENT, ENTE . ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bioluminescence — Bi o*lu mi*nes cence (b[imac] [ o]*l[=oo] m[i^]*n[e^]s ens), n. [Gr. bi os life + luminescence.] a type of {luminescence} produced by biological or biochemical processes, such as a glowworm glow or the action of luciferase on luciferin. A well… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bioluminescence — (n.) also bio luminescence, 1909; see BIO (Cf. bio ) + LUMINESCENCE (Cf. luminescence) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bioluminescence —  Bioluminescence  Биолюминесценция   Свечение живых организмов (некоторых бактерий, грибов, беспозвоночных, рыб), обусловленное ферментативным окислением особых веществ (у значительного числа видов люциферинов). Биолюминесценция вид… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • bioluminescence — [bī΄ō lo͞o΄mə nes′əns] n. 1. the production of light by living organisms, as by fireflies or many deep water cephalopods 2. such light bioluminescent adj …   English World dictionary

  • Bioluminescence — Rendu artistique d un krill bioluminescent (aquarelle par Uwe Kils) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bioluminescence — Flying and glowing firefly, a.k.a. Photinus pyralis …   Wikipedia

  • bioluminescence — bioluminescent, adj. /buy oh looh meuh nes euhns/, n. the production of light by living organisms. [1915 20; BIO + LUMINESCENCE] * * * Emission of light by an organism or biochemical system (e.g., the glow of bacteria on decaying meat or fish,… …   Universalium

  • bioluminescence — Luminescence Lu mi*nes cence, n. [See {Luminescent}.] 1. (Physics) Any emission of light not ascribable directly to incandescence, and therefore occurring at low temperatures, as in phosphorescence and fluorescence or other luminous radiation… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bioluminescence — bioliuminescencija statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Organizmų švytėjimas, atsirandantis biocheminių reakcijų metu. atitikmenys: angl. bioluminescence vok. Biolumineszenz, f rus. биолюминесценция, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas


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