branched-chain keto acid

any of the keto acids formed by oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • branched-chain-amino-acid transaminase — branched chain ami·no ac·id trans·am·i·nase (brancht chān ə meґno asґid trans amґĭ nās) [EC 2.6.1.42] an enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the removal of the α amino group of leucine, isoleucine, or valine to …   Medical dictionary

  • Branched-chain-2-oxoacid decarboxylase — In enzymology, a branched chain 2 oxoacid decarboxylase (EC number|4.1.1.72) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:(3S) 3 methyl 2 oxopentanoate ightleftharpoons 2 methylbutanal + CO2Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, (3S) 3 methyl …   Wikipedia

  • branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase — branched chain α ke·to ac·id de·hy·dro·gen·ase (brancht chān keґto asґid de hiґdro jən ās) an enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that is a component of the multienzyme branched chain α keto acid dehydrogenase complex (q.v …   Medical dictionary

  • Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex — protein Name=2 oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) caption= width= HGNCid=8523 Symbol=OVD1A AltSymbols= EntrezGene=5014 OMIM= RefSeq= UniProt= PDB= ECnumber=1.2.4.4 Chromosome= Arm= Band= LocusSupplementaryData=The branched chain α keto acid …   Wikipedia

  • branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex — a multienzyme complex composed of 3 methyl 2 oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2 methylpropanoyl transferring) [EC 1.2.4.4] (more commonly called branched chain α keto acid dehydrogenase), dihydrolipoyllysine residue (2 methylpropanoyl)transferase …   Medical dictionary

  • Branched-chain amino acids — The phrase branched chain amino acids or BCAA is sometimes used to refer to the amino acids having aliphatic side chains that are non linear.These are leucine, isoleucine and valine. The combination of these three essential amino acids make up… …   Wikipedia

  • keto acid — An acid containing a ketone group (–CO–) in addition to the acid group(s); α k. refers to a 2 oxo acid ( e.g., pyruvic acid); β k. refers to a 3 oxo acid ( e.g., acetoacetic acid), etc. SYN: oxo acid. α k …   Medical dictionary

  • α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex — any of the enzyme complexes catalyzing the oxidative decarboxylation of α keto acids; see branched chain α keto acid dehydrogenase c., α ketoglutarate dehydrogenase c., and pyruvate dehydrogenase c …   Medical dictionary

  • Amino acid — This article is about the class of chemicals. For the structures and properties of the standard proteinogenic amino acids, see Proteinogenic amino acid. The generic structure of an alpha amino acid in its unionized form …   Wikipedia

  • Glutamic acid — Glutamic acid …   Wikipedia

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