barotrauma

A term previously used to describe injury to the middle ear or paranasal sinuses, resulting from imbalance between ambient pressure and that within the affected cavity. Now mostly used to refer to lung injury due to pressure such as occurs when a patient is on a ventilator and is subjected to high airway pressure (pulmonary b.). [G. baros, weight, + trauma]
- otic b. injury caused to the ear by imbalance in pressure between ambient air and the air in the middle ear. SEE ALSO: barotitis media.
- sinus b. injury to paranasal sinuses, resulting from imbalance in pressure between ambient air and air in the paranasal sinuses. SEE ALSO: barosinusitis.

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baro·trau·ma -'trau̇-mə, -'trȯ- n, pl -mas also -ma·ta -mət-ə injury of a part or organ as a result of changes in barometric pressure esp AERO-OTITIS MEDIA

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n.
damage to the ear, Eustachian tube, or paranasal sinuses caused by changes in ambient pressure, as experienced during air flight or deep-sea diving.

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baro·trau·ma (bar″o-trawґmə) [baro- + trauma] injury caused by pressure, especially to enclosed cavities of the body such as the eustachian tube, middle ear, paranasal sinuses, or lung. See also barotitis media.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barotrauma — Barotrauma, otitic Barotrauma, sinus Classification and external resources ICD 10 T70.0, T70.1 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • barotrauma — m. traumat. Toda lesión provocada por una variación de la presión, tanto por su aumento como por su disminución. El sistema nervioso, el oído y los senos frontales y maxilares son los órganos que se ven más afectados. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Barotrauma — (n) eng barotrauma …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • barotrauma — barotràuma ž DEFINICIJA pat. ukupnost pojava uzrokovanih razlikama atmosferskog ili podvodnog tlaka; kemijske, fizičke i biološke pojave u organizmu izloženom tlaku ETIMOLOGIJA baro + v. trauma …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Barotrauma — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 T70.0 Barotrauma, Ohr T70.1 Barotrauma, Nasennebenhöhlen T70.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • barotrauma — /bar euh trow meuh, traw /, n., pl. barotraumata / meuh teuh/, barotraumas. Pathol. injury of certain organs, esp. the ear, due to a change in the atmospheric pressure. Cf. aerotitis media. [BARO + TRAUMA] * * * ▪ physiology       any of several… …   Universalium

  • barotrauma — An injury caused by expansion or contraction of trapped gases in the body resulting from changes in pressure. It can lead to pain in the ears (otitic barotrauma), the sinuses (sinus baro trauma), and the intestines. One example of barotruauma is… …   Aviation dictionary

  • Barotrauma — Druckverletzung * * * Barotrauma,   Medizin: Bezeichnung für Gesundheitsstörungen durch Unter oder Überdruck in lufthaltigen Körperhöhlen durch schnellen Luftdruckwechsel beim Tauchen oder Fliegen; führt z. B. im Mittelohr bis zum Druckausgleich… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • barotrauma — noun Date: 1937 injury of a body part or organ as a result of changes in barometric pressure …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • barotrauma — an injury that results from rapid or extreme changes in pressure. Found in fishes pulled from depths rapidly or in humans where may simply be a discomfort in the ear based on differing pressures on either side of the ear drum …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • barotrauma — noun Damage to body tissue caused by a difference in pressure between an air space in or near the body and the surrounding air …   Wiktionary

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