A gum resin, the inspissated exudate from the root of Ferula foetida (family Umbelliferae); malodorous material used as a repellent against dogs, cats, and rabbits, and formerly used as an antispasmodic; in Asia, used as a condiment and flavoring agent. [Pers. aza, mastic, + L. fetidus, fetid]

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asa·fet·i·da or asa·foet·i·da .as-ə-'fit-əd-ē, -'fet-əd-ə n the fetid gum resin of the root of several Asian plants of the genus Ferula (esp. F. assafoetida, F. foetida, or F. narthex) that was formerly used in medicine esp. as an antispasmodic and in folk medicine as a general prophylactic against disease

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as·a·fet·i·da (as″ə-fetґĭ-də) the oily gum-resin obtained from the roots of Ferula asafoetida L. and other related species of Umbelliferae; the main odorous principle is isobutylpropanyldisulfide. In parts of Asia it is used as a condiment and food flavoring; former uses include application to animal bandages to prevent bandage chewing, and as a carminative, expectorant, and antispasmodic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Asafetida — As a*fet i*da, Asafoetida As a*f[oe]t i*da, n. [Asa + L. foetidus fetid.] The fetid gum resin or inspissated juice of a large umbelliferous plant ({Ferula asaf[oe]tida}) of Persia and the East Indies. It is used in medicine as an antispasmodic.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • asafetida — (n.) late 14c., from M.L. asa (Latinized from Pers. aza mastic ) + foetida, fem. of foetidus stinking (see FETID (Cf. fetid)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • asafetida — asafètida ž DEFINICIJA bot. osušeni mliječni sok azanta (Ferula asa foetida) iz porodice štitarki (Umbelliferae), jakog i specifičnog mirisa, lijek i začin (u indijskoj kuhinji); azant ETIMOLOGIJA srlat. asafoetida ← perz. aza: smola + lat.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • asafétida — f. asa fétida …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • asafetida — or asafoetida [as΄ə fet′ə də] n. [ME < ML asa (< Pers āzā, gum) + L foetida, fem. of foetidus, FETID] a bad smelling gum resin obtained from various Asiatic plants (genus Ferula) of the umbel family: it was formerly used to treat some… …   English World dictionary

  • asafetida — /as euh fet i deuh/, n. Chem. a soft, brown, lumpy gum resin having a bitter, acrid taste and an obnoxious odor, obtained from the roots of several Near Eastern plants belonging to the genus Ferula, of the parsley family: formerly used in… …   Universalium

  • asafétida — (Del lat. asa foetida < foetidus, hediondo + persa aze, almáciga.) ► sustantivo femenino BOTÁNICA Planta umbelífera, perenne, de flores amarillas y fruto seco en cápsula estrellada. (Ferula assa foetida.) TAMBIÉN asa fétida * * * asafétida f.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • asafetida — dvokiančioji ferula statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Salierinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ferula assa foetida), paplitęs pietvakarių Azijoje (Irane). Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot. Ferula assa… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • asafetida — or asafoetida noun Etymology: Middle English asafetida, from Medieval Latin asafoetida, from Persian azā mastic + Latin foetida, feminine of foetidus fetid Date: 14th century the dried fetid gum resin of the root of several west Asian plants… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • asafetida — kvapioji ferula statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Salierinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ferula foetida), paplitęs pietvakarių Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot. Ferula foetida angl. asafetida;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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