A genus of strictly aerobic, Gram-positive bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) whose cells undergo a change from a coccoid form to a rod shape following transfer to fresh complex growth medium. Although primarily found in soil, species identified as belonging to this genus have been found in the advancing front of lesions of dental caries. The type species is A. globiformis. [G. arthron, joint, + baktron, staff or rod]

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Ar·thro·bac·ter (ahrґthro-bak″tər) [arthro- + -bacter] a genus of bacteria of the family Micrococcaceae, consisting of gram-positive, rod-shaped or coccoid cells that may exhibit branching; organisms are obligately aerobic and chemo-organotrophic. Several species have been isolated from clinical specimens and can cause septicemia in immunocompromised persons.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arthrobacter — chlorophenolicus Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abteilung: Actinobacteria …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthrobacter — Arthrobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthrobacter — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Arthrobacter Clasificación científica Dominio: Bacteria Filo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arthrobacter — chlorophenolicus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthrobacter — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Arthrobacter image caption= Arthrobacter globiformis regnum = Bacteria phylum = Actinobacteria ordo = Actinomycetales familia = Micrococcaceae genus = Arthrobacter genus authority = Conn Dimmick, 1947 subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthrobacter — Genus of obligate aerobic bacteria of irregular shape, found extensively in soil …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Arthrobacter — /ahr throh bak teuhr/, n. Bacteriol. a genus of rod shaped or spherical bacteria found in the soil. [1947; < NL; see ARTHRO , BACTER] * * * …   Universalium

  • Arthrobacter — Arthrobạcter   der, s/ , Gattung grampositiver Bakterien, die während ihres Wachstumszyklus einer Formveränderung unterliegen und daher stäbchenförmig, keulenförmig oder kugelförmig sein können. Die sich durch Trockenresistenz auszeichnenden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • arthrobacter — ar·thro·bac·ter …   English syllables

  • arthrobacter — ˈ ̷ ̷(ˌ) ̷ ̷ˌbaktə(r) noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from arthr + bacter : a genus of soil bacteria comprising cellulolytic forms that resemble and are often considered to be members of Corynebacterium * * * /ahr throh bak teuhr/,… …   Useful english dictionary

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