endemic cretinism

a type of cretinism seen in regions of severe endemic goiter; the two primary types are neurologic cretinism and myxedematous cretinism.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Cretinism — This article is about the medical condition. For other uses, see Cretin. Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome Classification and external resources ICD 10 E00 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • Cretinism — Cre tin*ism (kr[=e] t[i^]n*[i^]z m), n. [F. cr[ e]tinisme.] A condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • myxedematous cretinism — an uncommon type of endemic cretinism with delayed growth of long bones, myxedema, and sometimes goiter but with fewer neurologic problems than are seen in neurologic cretinism …   Medical dictionary

  • neurologic cretinism — the usual kind of endemic cretinism, characterized by delayed growth of long bones, neurologic complications such as deafness, mental retardation, and spasticity, sometimes with goiter, but usually without myxedema. Cf. myxedematous c …   Medical dictionary

  • spontaneous cretinism — sporadic cretinism cretinism in a person not descended from cretins, and who has not lived in a region where goiter is endemic …   Medical dictionary

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