ointment base

a vehicle for the medicinal substances carried in an ointment. Ointment bases are divided into hydrocarbon bases, which are oleaginous; absorption bases, which include both anhydrous and water-in-oil emulsions and are able to incorporate aqueous solutions; water-removable (or water-washable) bases, which are oil-in-water emulsions; and water-soluble bases.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Ointment — An ointment is a viscous semisolid preparation used topically on a variety of body surfaces. These include the skin and the mucus membranes of the eye (an eye ointment ), vagina, anus, and nose. An ointment may or may not be… …   Wikipedia

  • base — 1. The lower part or bottom; the part of a pyramidal or conical structure opposite the apex; the foundation. SYN: basis [TA], basement (1). 2. In pharmacy, the chief ingredient of a mixture. 3. In chemistry, an …   Medical dictionary

  • Ointment — A medication preparation that is applied topically (onto the skin). An ointment has an oil base whereas a cream is water soluble. (The word ointment comes from the Latin ungere meaning anoint with oil). * * * A semisolid preparation usually… …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrophilic ointment — n an ointment base easily removable with water * * * [USP] a water in oil emulsion consisting of methylparaben, propylparaben, sodium lauryl sulfate, propylene glycol, stearyl alcohol, white petrolatum, and purified water; used as an ointment… …   Medical dictionary

  • white ointment — n an ointment consisting of 5 percent white wax and 95 percent white petrolatum called also simple ointment * * * [USP] an oleaginous ointment base prepared from white wax and white petrolatum …   Medical dictionary

  • PEG ointment — polyethylene glycol ointment [NF] a mixture of polyethylene glycol 4000 and polyethylene glycol 400, used as a water soluble ointment base …   Medical dictionary

  • rose water ointment — [USP] a preparation of cetyl esters wax, white wax, almond oil, sodium borate, stronger rose water, purified water, and rose oil, used as an emollient and ointment base …   Medical dictionary

  • yellow ointment — [USP] an oleaginous ointment base prepared from yellow wax and petrolatum …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrophilic ointment — noun pharmacy : an ointment base easily removable with water …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flying ointment — Flying ointment, also known as witches flying ointment, green ointment, magic salve and lycanthropic ointment, is a hallucinogenic ointment said to be used by witches in the Early Modern period (first described by Johannes Hartlieb in 1456).… …   Wikipedia

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